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Unformatted text preview: Inside the cell Peruvate-dehydrogenate 9.5 reduction cycle Redox reactions Involve carboxyl acids, oxidized rapidly, reacts in sequence, they arent used up be- cause its a cycle One molecule of acytal coa at start gtp and atp produced Citric acid cycle regulated by atp and nadh, but only atp can regulate at step one 9.6 Know what those proteins are in figure 9.21 ring-structures called flavins coenzyme Q *isoprene tails make it fat soluble make it be able to be used as a raft potential energy decreases in reduction oxidation reactions Know 4 protein complexes in figure 9.19 9.7 Fermintation lactic acid alcoholic facultative aerobes - organisms that can switch back btw anaerobic and aerobic 9.8 fatty acids goes back to acetyl coa within fatty acids glycerol goes back to pyruvate protein? comes back to cycle by peruvate, krebbs cycle, pgal to produce atp and keep it going cells need energy and carbon catabolic pathway - breaks down and produces atp anabolic - synthesizes larger molecules from smaller components 11.2 How Mitosis Takes Place Figure 11.4 lays out the steps of mitosis The DNA protein material in eukaryotes is called chromatin, which is associated with globular proteins called histones....
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