Test 1 Study Map-1

Test 1 Study Map-1 - 1 Ethics 311 Test 1 Study Map Sheila...

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1 Ethics 311 Test 1 Study Map Sheila Smith Spring 2008 1. Know the following terms: 2. Explain Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and the effect a “met” need has on further needs. Lower needs must be satisfied before higher needs are achieved As lower needs are achieved, the next need becomes the dominant motivator Physiologic (survival needs & stimulation needs) Safety & security Love, belonging, closeness Esteem & Self-esteem self-actualization 3. Know the following principles: a. Principle of double effect – a person may perform an act that has or risks evil if all four of the following conditions are verified i. The action must be good or morally neutral ii. The agent must intend only the good effect and not the evil effect iii. The evil effect cannot be a means to the good effect iv. There must be proportionality between the good and the evil effects. b. Principle of proportionality – provided the action does not go directly against the dignity of the individual person (the intrinsic good), there must be a proportionate good to justify permitting or risking an evil effect. i. Whether there are alternative ways of attaining the intended good with no evil or less evil effects ii. The level of good intended and the level of the evil risked are permitted iii. The certitude or probability of the good or evil intended, permitted or risked iv. The causal influence of the agent c. Wedge principle – HP start with a small idea to “plant the seed” for an idea or plan of treatment w/o fully explaining everything (i.e. “a little pace maker”) 4. Know the criticisms of both Utilitarianism and Deontology. a. Utilitarianism i. Unworkable –agree on happiness? foresee all possible consequences? ii. Inadequate – cannot alone account for some of our basic moral attitudes and presuppositions; does not account for the human spirit iii. Sacrifices the individual for the greater good iv. Paternalistic – society decided for you. b. Deontology i. Less helpful for solving complex social problems (i.e. issues of maldistribution and equity) ii. Assumes liberty and capacity for individual decision-making iii. Presents difficulty when duties conflict 5. Know Garrett, Baillie, and Garrett’s concepts of beneficence and nonmaleficence. a. Beneficence – Goods = things necessary to remain human & maintain dignity;
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course NUR 311 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Test 1 Study Map-1 - 1 Ethics 311 Test 1 Study Map Sheila...

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