Extra Govt. Exam 1 Notes

Extra Govt. Exam 1 Notes - Exam Bonus Questions 3 TYPES OF...

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Exam Bonus Questions 3 TYPES OF FEDERALISM 1. DUAL FEDERALISM a. States & federal govt. have separate powers that don’t overlap Ex. Criminal justice system 2. COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM a. Federal & state governments work together to make policy a.i. Ex. State highways 3. FISCAL FEDERALISM a. Federal government gives money to states to have authority 4 TH COMPONENT OF FEDERALISM -DEVOLUTION- FEDERAL GOVT. LOOKS AT STATES -STATES ON THEIR OWN -PRACTICIED IN 1980S- REAGAN =STATE BUDGET & ECONOMIES TANKED TX GOVT. ACCEPTED STIMULUS MONEY UNIVERSALISM- FEDERAL GIVES $ TO EVERYONE (ALL STATES, LOCALITIES, CITIES) 3 TYPES OF FEDERAL GRANT/ AID 1. CATEGORICAL GRANT a. Money given by federal government for a specific purpose 2. BLOCK GRANT a. Money given by federal for a more broad purpose 3. UNFUNDED MANDATE a. Federal government tells state they have to do something but doesn’t give them money for it. a.i. Ex. Federal government says arsenic levels are too high= states have to lower levels INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT & THEIR FUNCTIONS I. CONGRESS-
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