Women - Domestic Policy o The Alien and Sedition Acts, in...

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Domestic Policy  o The Alien and Sedition Acts, in response to the possibility of an open war with France,  severely limited American freedom in a time of crisis  o the patriarchal family - a male head, wife, and children  everyone worked at home, generally on small farms o property-owning women and blacks were able to vote, since the Constitution did not  mention race or gender  o women gained more independence, a more prominent place in society  o "republican motherhood" - educating women in values of liberty and independence so  they could pass it on to sons and daughters  o Indians suffered losses of population, territory, and political power; they turned to drinking  and internal violence which sparked a social revolution attempt  o Blacks enjoyed enormous freedoms in the 1790s, however, whites' perceptions of blacks  were reversed by 1800 o Western Society and Customs Most westerners craved sociability – rural families joined with their neighbors in group sports and festivities o Men competed in strength/ability testing games o Women combined work and play with quilting/sewing parties, etc. Chores of pioneer women were brutal Most western sports and customs had been transplanted from the east but the west developed its own Neighbors shamelessly borrowed from richer ones because they “had plenty” Westerners’ relative lack of refinement made them easy targets for easterners’ contemptuous jibes o The exchange of “half-savage yokels” westerners and “soft and decadent” easterners fostered a regional identity among westerners and further shaped their behavior o Westerners intolerant of western neighbors with pretensions to gentility o Textile Towns in New England Boston Manufacturing Company (1813) – Boston Associates and Francis Cabot Lowell 1. ten times the capital of any previous American mill 2. Waltham and Lowell mills 1. turned out finished fabrics that required only the additional step of stitching into clothing, unlike Slater’s mills that only carded and spun yarn 2. upset the traditional order of New England society – young unmarried women worked there instead of men, lured from farms by promise of wages 3. workers lived in boarding houses and were bound by strict rules (curfews, keeping Sabbath, etc.) 4. miserly mill conditions (air kept purposely humid, windows boarded, etc.) 5.
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The Challenge to Family Authority 1. parental authority questioned 1. wanted to enjoy own life, not be stuck working on farm 2. left home at earlier ages 2. Courtship/Marriage 1. wanted to decide own mate 2. no longer married in order of birth 3. wanted to marry those they loved, not those they would “learn to love” 4. growing number of long engagements – womens fear of losing her
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2012 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Gupta during the Spring '11 term at Culinary Institute of Virginia.

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Women - Domestic Policy o The Alien and Sedition Acts, in...

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