2_CH3_Cell_Organelles

2_CH3_Cell_Organelles - CH 3: Cell Structure and Genetic...

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CH 3: Cell Structure and Genetic Control Plasma Membrane and Associated Structures Structure of the plasma membrane Phagocytosis Endocytosis Exocytosis Cilia and Flagella Microvilli Cytoplasm and its Organelles Cytoplasm and cytoskeleton Lysosomes Peroxisomes Mitochondria Ribosomes Endoplasmic reticulum Golgi complex Cell Nucleus and Gene Expression Chromatin NOT THIS Protein synthesis and secretion Tra ns fe r RNA Fo rm a tio n o f  Po lype ptide Func tio ns  o f the  Endo pla s m ic  Re tic ulum  a nd G o lg i Appa ra tus DNA Synthesis and Cell Division
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Fig  3.1 CHAPTER 3: CELL STRUCTURE C e lls  c a n b e  divide d into  thre e  pa rts : (1) Plasma (cell) membrane; (2) Cytoplasm & organelles; (3) Nucleus
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Fig  3.2
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Fig  2.18 (triglyceride) saturated fatty acid (no =) Formation of triglyceride (= triacylglyceride) molecule from glycerol & 3 fatty acids
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Fig ure  2.20 (pho s pha tidylc ho line ) fatty acid chains bonded to glycerol (nonpolar) Nitrogen- containing choline group (polar) phosphat e group (polar) polar (hydrophilic) portion nonpolar (hydrophobic) portion Phospholipids (part polar, part nonpolar)
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Fig  2.21: Fo rm a tio n o f  a  m ic e lle   s truc ture  b y  pho s pho lipids   s uc h a s   le c ithin Hydrophilic (polar) outer layer of micelle faces aqueous environment (blue) Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol Pol
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Cell Membrane: Phospholipid Bilayer hydrophilic hydrophobic hydrophilic
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Fig  3.2
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Cell Membrane:Selective Phospholipid Bilayer hydrophilic hydrophobic hydrophilic
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Fig  3.2
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Examples of Cell Membrane Proteins
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Transporter Proteins: Carrier Proteins the m  o n o ppo s ite  s ide .
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Fig  3.2
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Cells can be divided into three parts: 1. Plasma (cell) membrane 2.  Cytoplasm and its organelles 3. Nucleus
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Fig 3.8: The formation of cytoskeleton by microtubules   ( microfilaments )
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2012 for the course BI 202 taught by Professor Winn during the Fall '10 term at Northern Michigan University.

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2_CH3_Cell_Organelles - CH 3: Cell Structure and Genetic...

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