SOC 101 Topic 6 Qs - SOC 101 Topic 6 1. How do Marx, Weber,...

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SOC 101 – Topic 6 1. How do Marx, Weber, Davis and Moore each perceive "social inequality"? Familiarize yourself with the following terms (better with examples): means of production, class, class-consciousness (false consciousness), exploitation, alienation, status inconsistency theory (p. 237), and replaceability principle. Marx perceives “social inequality” as (in the capitalistic society) the system of private property ownership and the exploitation of the proletariats (working-class) by the bourgeoisie (capitalists). Weber views “social inequality” as the power over the property. Example: CEOs and the board of trustees may not have much ownership of a particular property, but they do have immense power over its use. Or: politicians in Washington make certain policy changes and the stock market reacts; the politicians may not have that much money, but they do have a great deal of power. Davis and Moore view “social inequality” as the difference in stratification. They argued that positions in a society vary in terms of how pleasant they are, how important they are in a society’s survival, and how much training they need. Means of Production: everything, except human labor, that is used to produce wealth. Class: groups of people who share a similar position in the stratification system. (Subjective Class: the class to which a person thinks he or she belongs) Class-Consciousness: the concept Marx used to identify the awareness of members of a class of their class interests and enemies False Consciousness: a term that Marx applied to members of one class who think they have common interests with members of another class Exploitation: all profit in an exchange in excess of the minimum amount needed to cause an exchange to occur Alienation: the state of being withdrawn or isolated from the objective world, as through indifference or disaffection Status Inconsistency Theory: theories built on the proposition that person who experience status inconsistency will be frustrated and will therefore support political movements aimed at changing the stratification system. (Status Inconsistency: a condition in which a person holds a higher position (or status) on one dimension of stratification than on another. For example, an uneducated millionaire displays status inconsistency.) Replaceability Principle: a measure of the functional importance of a role based on the extent to which other roles can substitute for or take on the duties of that particular role. For example, a doctor can easily substitute for an orderly, but the reverse is not so.
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2012 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor A during the Summer '09 term at University of Wisconsin.

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SOC 101 Topic 6 Qs - SOC 101 Topic 6 1. How do Marx, Weber,...

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