SOC 101 Topic 7 Qs

SOC 101 Topic 7 Qs - SOC 101 Topic 7 1. Give facts to...

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SOC 101 – Topic 7 1. Give facts to demonstrate that underneath the skin or physical looks we are genetically almost identical. We are nearly identical in our genetic makeup. There is a tiny amount of genetic variation between groups but it mainly lies between nationalities, in terms of geography or ancestry, not “race.” Complex diseases or performance capabilities are not inherited in a bundle thus, skin or hair texture is not related to one’s ability to hit a perfect pitch in music or be more athletic, etc. 2. If "race" is not real biologically, why do sociologists still study "race"? What does "ethnicity" mean? Race is a social reality. Race: a human group having some biological features that set it off from other human groups. People on the street care more about the social than the biological meaning of race. Sociologists study race, not because one’s physical looks matter biologically, but because it has social consequences. They study race because people often use biological features as guides for social interactions. Ethnicity is a cultural concept. Ethnic group: groups that think of themselves as sharing special bonds of history and culture that set them apart from others. 3. How do sociologists define "minority"? What does "middle-man minority" mean? Sociologists define minority in terms of power, not in terms of numbers. For example, when South Africa was still under apartheid, whites were the numerical minority while blacks were the numerical majority; yet, the blacks were the “minority group” in sociological definition. Middle man Minorities: racial or ethnic groups restricted to a limited range of occupations in the middle, rather than lower, level of the stratification system. This means that they are not only of middle class status but also in economic activities. They perform economic activities that are often underserved by the dominant group but needed by the subordinate group (traders, shop keepers, money lenders….). For example, many of the black underclass neighborhoods used to be served by grocery stores of Jewish immigrants and now by Middle Eastern and Asian. Because of the low buying power and low prestige, these places are often underserved by white established stores. 4. What are the five possible inter-group relations? What does "cultural pluralism" mean? The five possible inter-group relations are: A. Assimilation: where social interaction is no longer differentiated in terms of race. Melting pot is the typical image B. Accommodation: where groups recognize their common goals but retain their group differences. Salad bowl is the common image, or what we often call "rainbow."
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C. Segregation: legal separation of ethnic groups in almost all aspect of social life. American south right after the Civil War - the Jim Crow laws was the typical
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2012 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor A during the Summer '09 term at Wisconsin.

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SOC 101 Topic 7 Qs - SOC 101 Topic 7 1. Give facts to...

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