SOC 101 Topic 8 Qs - SOC 101 Topic 8 1 What is the...

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SOC 101 – Topic 8 1. What is the difference between the concept of "gender" and the concept of "sex"? Sex refers to biological differences. Gender refers to the roles, the social expectations regarding how a male or a female (or a person of some alternative sexual orientation) is supposed to behave. If “sex” refers to “male” versus “female,” then “gender” refers to “masculinity” versus “femininity.” 2. How does the biological perspective explain gender differences? Biological perspective shows that women and men used to be very different. However, based on marathon times (course notes), we can see that the gap has narrowed. There may have been some biological changes in women and men but it is safe to argue the dramatic decline of the gender gap has a great deal to do with the changes in the social expectations regarding women. It is not only that women can train harder than before, but also that there is now a larger pool of talented women to choose from as it is more socially acceptable for women to participate. 3. How does the socialization concept explain gender differences? Who are the agents of gender socialization? The socialization concept explains gender differences as people socialize their children and bring them into the world with the “right” clothes and toys based on the gender of the baby. The forces of gender socialization are very strong and even if you say your baby is gender neutral and it begins to move it’s arms and legs, if it is a girl, you will probably say she is dancing instead of stretching or kicking which you might say if the baby is male. The agents of gender socialization are usually our parents, who help to socialize us when we are young. 4. How does the "structural perspective" explain gender differences? Structural perspective says that we change our roles and adapt to new roles in response to the social contexts (structures) we find ourselves in. Gender roles and gendered personalities are the result of gender power relations, especially in the workplace. For example, if we see women as more compassionate and cooperative and caring, it is not simply that women are socialized with that type of personality but because (structural theorists claim) women mainly occupy care-taking, service sector jobs. 5. What does "doing gender" mean? Can you give an example of your own? “Doing gender” means that we act how our gender should. For example, if one is male, he knows that the female is the gender which changes the baby’s diaper, so he may fake clumsiness at completing this task. The core of this “doing gender” perspective is that gender roles and gendered social structure can exist or persist only when we allow it to do so. Another example may be a female faking incompetence when operating certain heavy machinery. In faking incompetence, the female is performing, or “doing gender.”
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6. What is sex ratio? What is the kind of gender relation that sex ratio theory
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SOC 101 Topic 8 Qs - SOC 101 Topic 8 1 What is the...

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