Ch. 16 Congressional Reconstruction Notes.docx -...

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Congressional Resistance and Congressional “Radical” ReconstructionDecember 1865, Johnson satisfied Southern states have met requirements of readmissionRepublicans disagree:oFormer Conf. leaders again in poweroNo civil rights or black suffrageoBlack Codes: series of laws severely restricting right of AAMade unemployment illegal, prohibited equal access to the lawFourteenth Amendment: defines citizenship as applying to all persons born in the US and empowers the federal government to protect the rights of all AmericansPresident and Congress are opposing each other on 14thAmendCongressional (“Radical”) ReconstructionBy 1867, Repubs powerful enough to override president’s vetoesModerates now agree black suffrage is necessaryMilitary Reconstruction Acts (1867): divide states into 5 military districts under control of Union governor;oall male voters elect delegates to constit. ConventionoConventions REQUIRED to draft constitutions giving black voting rights and ratifying 14th

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