Chapter 6 - Learning Monday, September 28, 2009 10:08 AM...

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Involves some experience that results in a relatively permanent change in the state of the learner Different intellectual histories Focus on how environmental contingencies rather than internal mental states affect behavior ± Behaviorist past Why in different chapter than memory? E.G.: Trains in Bethlehem ± A general process in which repeated or prolonged exposure to a stimulus results in a gradual reduction in responding Note the behavioral focus of the definition "stop paying attention" ± "adapted to prefer novelty" ± No reference to internal states Useful for studying learning in infants… Habituation Occurs when a neutral stimulus evokes a response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally evokes a response. Unconditioned stimulus Classical conditioning Pavlov, Watson ± Classical conditioning Skinner ± Operant conditioning Bandura ± Observational learning Three forms Unconditioned Response Conditioned Response Conditioned Stimulus Eventually they would start salivating when they were strapped into the harnesses ± Pavlov and his salivating dogs… 1. Acquisition ± 2.Extinction ± 3.Spontaneous Recovery ± 4. Savings in Relearning ± Stages of classical conditioning Classical conditioning Second order conditioning : a conditioned stimulus can become an unconditioned stimulus Other Prinicples Unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned Response Conditioned Response Conditioned Stimulus Conditioned Response 2 Condition Stimulus 2 Generalization :CR is observed even though the CS is slightly different than the original one used during acquisition Learning Monday, September 28, 2009 10:08 AM w6 Page 1
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Why? UR to drugs includes compensatory physiological reactions (counteracting drug) just like salivation, really… ± CS include broad contextual information ± Need to know two things: Experienced drug users are more likely to overdose in a new environment…
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course RANDOM 100 taught by Professor Idk during the Fall '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Chapter 6 - Learning Monday, September 28, 2009 10:08 AM...

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