Chapter 6 - Learning Monday 10:08 AM Involves some...

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Involves some experience that results in a relatively permanent change in the state of the learner Different intellectual histories Focus on how environmental contingencies rather than internal mental states affect behavior Behaviorist past Why in different chapter than memory? E.G.: Trains in Bethlehem A general process in which repeated or prolonged exposure to a stimulus results in a gradual reduction in responding Note the behavioral focus of the definition "stop paying attention" "adapted to prefer novelty" No reference to internal states Useful for studying learning in infants… Habituation Occurs when a neutral stimulus evokes a response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally evokes a response. Unconditioned stimulus Classical conditioning Pavlov, Watson Classical conditioning Skinner Operant conditioning Bandura Observational learning Three forms Unconditioned Response Conditioned Response Conditioned Stimulus Eventually they would start salivating when they were strapped into the harnesses Pavlov and his salivating dogs… 1. Acquisition 2.Extinction 3.Spontaneous Recovery 4. Savings in Relearning Stages of classical conditioning Classical conditioning Second order conditioning : a conditioned stimulus can become an unconditioned stimulus Other Prinicples Unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned Response Conditioned Response Conditioned Stimulus Conditioned Response 2 Condition Stimulus 2 Generalization :CR is observed even though the CS is slightly different than the original one used during acquisition Learning Monday, September 28, 2009 10:08 AM w6 Page 1
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Why? UR to drugs includes compensatory physiological reactions (counteracting drug) just like salivation, really… CS include broad contextual information Need to know two things: Experienced drug
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