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Unformatted text preview: The mind's eye! ○ Cartesian Theatre ○ The person's subjective experience of the world and the mind: • The source of some persistent (deep) questions: • Is it possible that an organism could act and react in the same way as you do without having any inner subjective experience? ¡ A zombie? ¡ How do you know that other people are also conscious? ○ Is your red the same as mine? ¡ Even if other people are conscious, how do you know they are having the same inner experiences as you? ○ Problem of other minds • Mind takes in sensations, and outputs behavior ¡ Reactive; reflexive ¡ Minimal consciousness: ○ Knowing and being able to report your mental states ¡ Aware that you are having a mental state while you are having it ¡ Away that there is a you! ¡ Full consciousness: ○ Think about what the I am like ¡ Reflecting back on the self ¡ Attend specifically to the self as an object ¡ Self ‐ consciousness: ○ Levels of consciousness • What species have a sense of self/recognize themselves? ○ Humans chimps orangutans ,dolphins?,elephants? ○ Mirror Test • Experience: ability to feel mental states ‐ fear, hunger, pain, happiness ¡ Agency: ability for self ‐ control, planning , abstract thought ‐ ability to make choices ¡ Tend to judge other minds along two dimensions ○ Would it be possible to create a conscious machine? ○ If you can engage in an complex interaction (e.g., a conversation) with it and not be able to tell if it is conscious □ Turning test: how do you know if a computer is intelligent? ¡ Dennett: feelings/appearance of consciousness is what counts ○ Why might it be an illusion? ¡ If it is an illusion why is it useful? ¡ It's useful for us to believe that ourselves and others are conscious...
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- Fall '08
- Consciousness, Circadian rhythm, Cartesian Theatre, consciousness Minimal consciousness