Clinical ch2

Clinical ch2 - s (specific intelligence) Dr. Lewis...

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EVOLUTION OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Phillipe Pinel (1745-1826) introduced ideas of case history, treatment notes, and illness classification Dorothea Dix- humane treatment of mentally ill. Resulted in 30 state institutions in US and other countries Lightner Witmer- founded the first scholarly clinical psych journal The Psychology Clinic in 1907 Emil Kraepelin (1855-1926)- considered the pioneer of diagnosis. Coined some of the earliest terms to categorize mental illness - set the stage for Diagnostic and Statistic Manual (DSM), published by American Psychiatric Association in 1952 DSM, numerous disorders (info on slide) Alfred Binet’s early intelligence test (1905) became the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales “g” (general intelligence)
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Unformatted text preview: s (specific intelligence) Dr. Lewis Terman-translated Binets test into English David Weschler published Wechsler-Bellevue in 1939 which was designed for adults but later created test for school-age and preschool children Projective Tests-Rorschach Inkblot Method (1921)-response to ambiguous inkblot Thematic Aperception Test (TAT)-1935-response to ambiguous interpersonal scenes MMPI (1943) -comprehensive personality test measuring various pathologies Evolution of Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the most common activity of clinical psychologists today, but before 40s/50s it was not a significant professional activity Psychodynamic (freud)- behaviorism Humanism, family therapy...
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