Midterm Exam -- Study Guide
In what year was clinical psych used in print?
-1907 by Witmer
Define and discuss the boulder, Vail, and scientist-practitioner models.
named after the city in Colorado where the first conference was
held in 1949. Both clinical methods (assessment, psychotherapy) and research methods are
another city in Colorado, conference in 1973. Practice over research.
a reaction towards the Vail model.
Richard McFall in 1991 as the president of
the Academy of Psychological Clinical Science. Research over practice.
Among clinical psychologists what is the most common mode of treatment?
How many PsyDs were awared between 1988 and 2001?
- Increased by more than 160%
What was significant of Dorothea Dix’s efforts?
as a Sunday school teacher in a jail, she
observed that many of the imprisoned criminals have mental illness or retardation. She conducted
research in cities and presented them in her own community. As a result, more decent,
compassionate treatment for the mentally ill became available in more than 30 state institutions.
Along with Tuke, Pinel and Todd, she promoted the fundamental message that mentally ill people
deserve respect, understanding and help rather than contempt, fear and punishment.
When was the DSM first published?
– In 1952 (Kraepelin considered to be the one initiated the
First psychological clinic founded?
– In 1896 by Witmer at University of Pennsylvania
About when did psychotherapy begin to play a significant role in clinical psychology history?
About after 1940’s and the 50’s, after the WWII
Between 1900-1950 what was the type of treatment for mental illness?
What are three ways that the war influenced clinical psychology?
– Therapy, assessment, and
development of Alpha and Beta intelligence test, Wechsler-Bellevue intelligence
test, training for PTSD soldiers, The Nazi “brought” psychologists and theories to the US
Give an example of a manualized psychotherapy with empirical evidence for efficacy.
and response prevention (for OCD), dialectical behavior therapy (typically focuses on behavioral
and cognitive aspect; for Border-line disorder)
What are the disadvantages of evidence-based therapies with empirical support?
– threats to the
(the manual doesn’t demonstrate how to establish a good
relationship with the clients), diagnostic complications (text-book cases vs. real world), restrictions
What percent of psychoactive medications are prescribed by primary care physicians, according
to Cummings (2007)?
– more than 80%
What statement was made in 1952 regarding the efficacy of therapy that has now been
– “therapy has no proof of positive outcome” by Hans Eysenck