Research methods Final Study Guide

Research methods Final Study Guide - 112M Final Review...

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112M Final Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When researchers claim that their research is “empirical,” they are stating that it is: a. concerned with developing, exploring, or testing theories b. based on observations and measurements c. concerned with rules that pertain to general cases d. concerned with rules that pertain to individual cases 2. In an experiment, which variable measures the outcome? a. a quantitative variable b. an independent variable c. a qualitative variable d. a dependent variable 3. Selecting the sampling and measurement techniques is part of what stage of the research process? a. Data collection b. Formulating the research design c. Coding and analyzing the data d. Interpreting results 4. When we are conducting a study that examines the effects of a program on some outcomes, we are conducting: a. Descriptive research b. Causal research c. Relational research d. Ecological research 5. If you believe that you are handsome because your mother told you so, you are employing: a. Method of Tenacity b. Method of Authority c. A Priori method d. Informal Observation. 6. If you continue to believe that you are handsome even after a long series of girls tell you you’re not, you are employing: a. Method of Tenacity b. Method of Authority c. A Priori method d. Informal Observation 7. Which of the following statements about standard error is most accurate? a. The smaller the size of a sample in a research project, the smaller the standard error. b. The greater the size of a sample in a research project, the smaller the standard error.
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c. The standard error is completely independent of the size of a sample. d. The standard error is the same as the standard deviation of the population. 8. Three hundred adolescents sign up for a research project that only one hundred can complete. If each adolescent has a 33.3% chance of being selected for the project, then the sampling process is considered: a. a simple random sample b. a systematic random sample c. a stratified random sample d. a cluster random sample 9. If one thousand college sophomores sign up for a research project designed to assess attitudes towards dating, what must the researcher do to insure a proportionate stratified random if gender and ethnic differences may be critical? a. Divide the list of those signed up into subgroups according to gender, then randomly draw a sample of equal males and females from the pool. b. Divide the list of those signed up into subgroups according to gender, then randomly draw a sample an equal sized sample from each ethnic subgroup. c. Divide the groups into homogenous subgroups according to ethnic identity and gender, then randomly draw a sample of equal size from each subgroup. d.
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY UD taught by Professor Brewer during the Summer '10 term at UC Irvine.

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Research methods Final Study Guide - 112M Final Review...

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