Violence Midterm2 notes from ch5,6,9-13

Violence Midterm2 notes from ch5,6,9-13 - Ch.5 Development...

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Ch.5: Development factors and social learning Violence does not simply appear in previously healthy adults Temperament… individual’s habitual emotional responses, probably congenital and hereditary. Personality of temperament include: impulsivity, adaptability, distractibility etc ADHD? Temperament also relates to negative emotions such as anxiety and depression Conduct Disorder… persistently violates other’s rights, cannot act on their age. Secretion level of androgens (prenatal), too much serotonin? increase vulnerability ADHD… impulsive, overreacting behaviors, distractibility, and aggression. More biologically based than conduct disorder. Treatments: methylpheniclate (Ritalin), which is a stimulant. Learning disorders… coined the term about 100 years ago; having normal information processing skills but lacking performance ability (at least 2 years behind). It affects child’s self- esteem. Research show that repeated violent criminals have the highest rate of learning disabilities. Socialization vs. Internalization… socialization occurs at early stages of life when toddlers learn rules; later they internalize it and believe they are correct (internalization). Social competence… ability to play in a friendly manner with others, which allow them to learn that aggression, is bad. *During preschool years, the capacity for both aggression and pro-social behaviors increase dramatically attachment (emotional bond) to caregivers become important. During middle childhood (school ages), instrumental aggression decreases (ex. Hurt friends for getting a toy), but hostile aggression increases (ex. Verbal). Boys in this stage emphasizes the feeling of inclusion in a group, girls emphasizes intimacy. Social Learning perspectives: interested in overt behaviors. Resilience is referring to kids witness violence acts but do not become violent themselves. Modeling and Reward/Punishment principles (operant conditioning). In a case of sexual assault, the reward is not to obtain sexual desire, but to have the feeling of having intense power over the victim Ch.6: Media Violence In general, males are more vulnerable than females; younger kids are more vulnerable than older kids to be aggressive after playing violent games. Statistics: Average 3-4 year olds watch 2 hours TV, older kids watch 40 hours + per week, see 3000 violent acts on TV per year, only 20-30% of prime time shows are non-violent Trigger mechanism… trigger violent behavior from individuals who are already aggressive to begin with. TV’s are may be the final straw (not necessary the most important factor). ***CARTOON VIOLENCE= greatest acting out for kids nowadays.*** Ch.9: Youth Violence Arrest for under 15 has been decreasing since 1994 (dramatic increase between 88 and 94) School shooting typically happen in rural and suburban, middle-class kids Court cases of juvenile offenders, 40% are under 15 Anti-social behavior during adolescent is the key to distinguish adult offenders and younger
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Violence Midterm2 notes from ch5,6,9-13 - Ch.5 Development...

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