ANTH1 final study guide

ANTH1 final study guide - 23/04/2010 19:10:00 Study Guide:...

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23/04/2010 19:10:00 Irvine Valley College Introduction To Physical Anthropology (Anthropology 1) Study Guide: Final (LEC 10) Be able to describe Homo habilis (Homo rudolfensis). When did it live? Where? Which scientists first discovered this (these) species? Where did they find it? In the 1960s,  Louis  and  Mary Leaky  discovered at  Oldulvai Gorge  in Tanzania remains of a  2.5 mya hominid.  It later would be called  Homo   habilis  (“Handy Man”)[2.5-1.4 mya?] Be able to compare and contrasts the basic traits of early Homo and previous hominid species. Early o Larger, more rounded braincase (larger brain). o Smaller, less jutting face. o Smaller teeth. o More efficient in their bipedalism. o Eventually larger in overall size. o Eventually more intelligent. o There is great differences in size within the members of the  Homo habilis  classification. o Some researches believe there are two species:  Homo habilis  and  Homo  rudolfensis .
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Others see this as an example of extreme sexual dimorphism. Previous:  Be able to describe the Oldowan tool industry? Which hominids used these tools? When? n Stone tools  start appearing in the archaeological record around  2.5 mya . nThese first stone tool are called the  Oldowan Industry nThis seems to coincide with the rise of  Homo habilis  (and  Homo   rudolfensis ) nAustralopithecines may have made stone tools, but the first established use is with the early  members of the genus homo. What might be some of the implications for stone tool development among hominids? The implications for stone tool development among hominids include the possibility that  Homo Habilis and Homo Rudolfensis used these.  nShows  increased intelligence  and perhaps better manual dexterity. nMeat became more important in the diet (which implies hunting and/or scavenging). nMay mean greater social complexity. nMay mean more mobility. nMay imply greater language skills. Did early Homo scavenge or hunt or both? Which type of lifeway would likely have been the most optimal? Thaphonomic evidence shows that early Homo butchered animals, often large ones. Oldowan tools don’t appear to be sophisticated enough to allow for a lifeway based largely  around the hunting of large animals. Brain development may not have been sufficient for early Homo to live entirely by a hunting       lifeway .
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor A during the Spring '08 term at Irvine Valley College.

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ANTH1 final study guide - 23/04/2010 19:10:00 Study Guide:...

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