PALec1 - Anthropology and Science Lecture 1 What is...

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Anthropology and Science Lecture 1
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What is Anthropology Anthropology — The systematic study of all aspects of human (and related species) existence, focusing most specifically on behavioral interaction within a social context . Generally these studies are centered around the concept of culture .
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Early Definition of Culture Culture … is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society – E.B. Tylor (1871)
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A Modern Definition of Culture Culture refers to the learned , socially acquired traditions of thought and behavior found in human societies. – Marvin Harris (1995)
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An Ecological Definition of Culture Integrated methods by which humans adapt to their physical and social environment that are not directly genetically patterned. Adaptation : The way in which an individual adjusts itself (or is adjusted to) to environmental and/or social reality.
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Cultural Anthropology (a.k.a. Socio-cultural Anthropology; Social Anthropology; and Ethnology) The study of “living” cultures, from which inferences of past cultures are often drawn.
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Archaeology The study of past cultures thru examinations of their material remains . Concentrates on the cultural , not the biological.
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Linguistic Anthropology The study of language in a social context. Includes studies of contemporary usage and the evolution of language.
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Physical (Biological) Anthropology The study of the evolution of humans as biological organisms , and the relationship between human biology and cultural developments.
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Includes the study of earlier non-human primates.
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PALec1 - Anthropology and Science Lecture 1 What is...

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