PALec12 - Modern Homo Sapiens Lecture 12 Modern Homo...

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Modern Homo Sapiens Lecture 12
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Modern Homo Sapiens Starting around 200,000 years ago , hominids bearing the trademarks of Homo sapiens begin to be found in the fossil record of Africa. By 100,000 years ago the species Homo sapiens (or Homo sapien sapiens ) is firmly established in Africa .
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Modern Homo Sapiens 2 Most likely developed out of a lineage or lineages of Archaic Homo sapiens ( Homo heidelbergensis ) or Homo erectus ( Homo ergaster ). The exact nature of Homo sapiens’ closest ancestor is not clearly understood by scientists; there are relatively few finds of very early remains of our species. Modern Homo sapiens did not develop out of Neanderthals.
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Early Homo Sapiens Sites
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Homo Sapiens Anatomy Many early H. sapiens fossils display characteristics in common with later humans and those associated with earlier hominids. Larger, more vaulted brain case (than previous hominids).
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Homo Sapiens Anatomy 2 Smaller (flatter) faces (than earlier hominids). Strong chin development. Smaller teeth (than earlier hominids. Generalized dental pattern). More “gracile” (than Neanderthals and other earlier hominids). Apparently much more intelligent than any previous hominid. Likely had far greater language skills than earlier hominids.
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Homo Sapiens Material Culture Archaeological evidence shows that Homo sapiens quickly developed a far more elaborate material culture than any previous hominid. This includes marked advances in technology and the proliferation of art .
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Technology Includes advancements in existing technologies, such as stone spear points and other stone tools. Items such as sewing needles , fish gorges , and fish hooks are also found for the first time. Eventually evidence for human-made dwellings (house) appear.
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Solutrean Points
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Solutrean Points 2
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Needle and Fish Hook
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Fish Hooks
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Post Holes
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Early Human Dwellings?
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There is evidence that some Neanderthal and Archaic Homo sapiens groups created art to a small degree.
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor A during the Spring '08 term at Irvine Valley College.

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PALec12 - Modern Homo Sapiens Lecture 12 Modern Homo...

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