PALec13 - The Mismeasure of Man Lecture 13 Review What is Culture Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge belief art morals law

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The Mismeasure of Man Lecture 13
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Review - What is Culture? Culture … is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society – E.B. Tylor (1871) Culture refers to the learned , socially acquired traditions of thought and behavior found in human societies. – Marvin Harris (1995)
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Review - Culture 2 Integrated methods by which humans adapt to their physical and social environment that are not directly genetically patterned. Adaptation : The way in which an individual adjusts itself (or is adjusted to) to environmental and/or social reality. Material Culture : Material items—tools, clothing, dwellings, etc.—found within a cultural group. (Item may either have been created by said group or imported from another group.)
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Notes on Culture Cultural traits are information that is learned. This information is only indirectly connected to our biology.
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Race Race : The division of humans into groups based on biological characteristics . The human equivalent of the subspecies concept developed by biologists to classify non-human life forms. Many modern biologists and anthropologists question whether the concept of race is valid.
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Race 2 All human populations in the world are closely related. The short time span of Homo sapiens existence and the gene flow between populations has thus far precluded the development of subspecies.
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Ethnicity Ethnicity : A group of people sharing common origins, history, language, and in many cases religion, social and political structures, and real or perceived biological commonalities. (Ethnicity can be defined both from within and without a group.) Ethnicity refers to culture, not biology . In popular journalism and society as a whole the term “race” is often used when “ethnicity” is what’s actually being discussed.
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Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism : the belief that one’s own cultural group and the behavioral patterns in which its members engage are simply the way humans should be and the further a group or individual deviates from these norms the more “wrong” (strange, weird, unnatural, immoral, unacceptable) they are.
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Cultural Relativism Culture being a method of adaptation cannot be judged as being good or bad, but only in its relative success. The only way a scientist can judge culture as
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor A during the Spring '08 term at Irvine Valley College.

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PALec13 - The Mismeasure of Man Lecture 13 Review What is Culture Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge belief art morals law

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