Unformatted text preview: Social Interaction Social interaction the process by which people act and react in relation to others. Social Structure Social structure guides human behavior Individuals are grouped into structurally related groups with different functions, meanings or purposes. Treatment of individuals are based on their placement Example: Family, law, religion, and economy Status Status a social position that an individual occupies. 1. Ascribed Status a social position that someone receives at birth or involuntarily assumes later in life. Example: Gender, Race, etc 2. Achieved Status a social position that someone assumes voluntarily and reflects personal achievement. Example: being a doctor, becoming a mother, a celebrity 3. Master Status a status that has special importance for social identity or shaping someone's life. A Status Set consists of all the statuses a person holds Role Role behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status. One performs a role. Role Strain Role strain tension between roles connected to a single status. Performing various roles attached to one status feels like a "balancing act." Example: Professor dating a student Role Conflict Role conflict conflict between roles corresponding to two or more statuses. When we experience being pulled in several different directions. Example: Having to work or going to your sons soccer game Example: You as a college student In Summary "status" is the position an actor occupies, while "role" is the expected behavior attached to that position Reality is not as "fixed" as we may think. Social construction of reality the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction. Interaction is a complex negotiation. The Thomas Theorem states that situations we define as real become real. The Social Construction of Reality Sociologist Erving Goffman Dramaturgical analysis consists of the definition of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance. Dramaturgical Analysis: "The Presentation of Self" The presentation of self is the effort of an individual to create specific impressions in the minds of others. All of life is a stage and we must play a part Performances: 1. Dress (costume) 2. Objects carried along (props) 3. Tone of voice and gestures (manner) Dramaturgical Analysis: Dramaturgical Analysis: Performances also have front and back regions or stages Front Stage: We wear masks that deceive the audience about the performers true identity Back Stage: the role we play within shared moments of privacy Dramaturgical Analysis Example: Waiters at a fancy restaurant Front Stage is the dining area Back Stage is the kitchen Home is generally the backstage for most people Not true if you have guests over Front Stage: Acting and playing a role Back Stage: Being yourself Does your true identity only emerge when no Dramaturgical approach: Nonverbal Communication Nonverbal Communication: communications using body movements, gestures and facial expressions. It is culture specific Biological basic emotions: Happiness Sadness Anger Fear Disgust Surprise Cultural Side of Emotions: Culture defines what triggers an emotion Culture provides rules for the display of emotions Culture guides how we value emotions Interaction in Everyday Life: Emotions Interaction in Everyday Life: Humor Ability to express opinion without being serious Relieves tension in uncomfortable situations Promotes bonding to those that "Get" the joke. Latent function: According to Durkheim, Humor can include or exclude people ...
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- Spring '09
- Sociology, Erving Goffman, Dramaturgical analysis