Chapter 10 Gender Inequality - Chapter 10 Gender and Gender...

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Chapter 10 Chapter 10 Gender and Gender Inequality
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Sex and Gender Sex and Gender Sex: Biological distinctions between males and females Gender: The socially learned behaviors and expectations associated with men and women Gender Role: Attitudes and behaviors socially defined as appropriate for men and women..
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Gender Stereotypes Gender Stereotypes Gender Identity: The set of gendered characteristics individuals adopt as a part of themselves. Gender stereotypes: over simplified descriptions of masculine and feminine traits
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What traits do we use to describe What traits do we use to describe females in the US females in the US ? ?
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Traditional Traditional Female Gender Role Female Gender Role 1. Nurturing Dimension: A. Taking care of other people B. Concerned with Physical and Mental welfare of others 2. Expressive/Affective Dimension A. Being in touch with own feelings B. Being in touch with other people’s feelings
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Masculinity--Traits Masculinity--Traits 1. The “No-Sissy” Dimension Avoid anything feminine including traits, mannerisms, and interests.
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Traditional Male Gender Role Traditional Male Gender Role 2. “Big Wheel” Dimension: Achieving Success and Status 3. “Sturdy Oak Dimension” Mental and Physical Toughness
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Traditional Male Gender Role Traditional Male Gender Role 4. “Give ‘Em Hell” Dimension Daring, aggressive, behavior 5. “No Disclosure” Dimension Hide Certain Emotions (Fear, sadness, vulnerability) Some emotions Ok (Aggression)
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Opposite Gender Roles? Opposite Gender Roles? How does our culture view individuals who are the opposite of the traditional gender roles? From a MALES point of view: Is it more socially for a girl to be a tom boy than for a male to be a sissy-boy? WHY?
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Margaret Mead Margaret Mead Studied Three Primitive Societies Arapesh: Both Sexes Feminine (By our standards) Mundugumor: Both Masculine (By our standards) Tchambuli: Reversed Gender Roles (By our standards)
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Gender Socialization Process Gender Socialization Process Through the agents of socialization: Family Peers School Media Religion
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Gender Socialization Process Gender Socialization Process The Family The Family Family Parents treat children differently from birth Color Coding Toys/Games Chores
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Gender Socialization Process Gender Socialization Process The Family The Family meta-messages help distinguish between masculine and feminine roles. females to be soft and delicate males to be strong and aggressive Internalized Social conditioning
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Gender Socialization Process Gender Socialization Process Peer Groups Peer Groups Peers Children socialize one another through their everyday interactions. Peer groups reinforce gender differences -playing games
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Gender Socialization Process Gender Socialization Process Peer Groups Peer Groups Games boys and girls play Boys Concerned with independence and victory Teaches competition, rules and winning Games boys and girls play Girls
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