Chapter 11 Minority Groups

Chapter 11 Minority Groups - Chapter 11 Race and Minority...

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Chapter 11 Race and Minority Inequalities
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Race and Ethnicity Race is Socially Constructed Based on visible physical characteristics deemed socially significant Example: Color of Skin Number of Races: 4 (Caucasian, Hispanic, African, and Asian)
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Race and Ethnicity Ethnicity: based on shared common cultural heritage Example: Religion, food family Number of Ethnicities: 63 listed on 2000 us census Examples: Asians can be broken down into: Korean, Chinese, Japanese, etc. Caucasians can be broken down: French, Australian, Irish, German, Swiss, etc
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Difference between Race and Ethnicity Race highlights biological traits Ethnicity emphasizes cultural traits these two items go hand-n-hand We like to put people into categories. Example: Mariah Carey, Tiger Woods
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Minority Groups Minority: category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged Minority Group Characteristics: Powerless in relation to dominate group Perceivable differences Involuntary membership (ascribed)
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Standpoints Theorist Patricia Hill Collins Standpoint theory --relationship between groups position in power relations --experiences attached to this position --standpoint (group definition) that emerges from group interpreting experiences
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Standpoints Groups unequal in power: Are unequal in ability to define themselves Dominate group will define them. Used by dominate group
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Theories on Race: Structural Functional : Race provided a function. Able to tell what is the same by looking at what’s different. Race provided a function as a scapegoat in Nazi Germany. (Scapegoat Theory) Conflict: those with power create inter-group conflict and use it to their advantage to oppress people. Symbolic Interaction: Labeling of people (into categories of race) leads to stereotypes.
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Prejudice Prejudice: Rigid irrational generalization. Attitudes and beliefs Talk radio star Don Imus lost his job in 2007 after calling the Rutgers women’s basketball team “nappy-headed ho’s.”
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Prejudice Elements: Most common form is stereotyping Prejudice is a learned behavior From your Family From your experiences From other institutions like your city Thoughts of “they are not like us” can easily turn into “they are not as good as us”
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Prejudice Stereotype: exaggerated descriptions applied to every person in some category
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Rene during the Spring '09 term at Irvine Valley College.

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Chapter 11 Minority Groups - Chapter 11 Race and Minority...

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