lecture 16 cold war and decolonization

lecture 16 cold war and decolonization - The Cold War Era...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Cold War Era and Decolonization 1945-1968 Paris Student Uprising, May 1968 Palestinian Refugee Camp, 1948
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Three World Order
Background image of page 2
Three World Order In the aftermath of WW2, a global political realignment occurred. Two new “superpowers” emerged out of the destruction caused by the war: the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Bitter ideological enemies, both engaged in a “cold war”: a war without direct confrontation due to the presence on both sides of nuclear weapons. North America, Western Europe, Japan, and Australia were now designated as First World countries because they were capitalist democracies and enjoyed high standards of living. The socialist countries of the world including the USSR, the Soviet Bloc, China (after 1949), North Korea (after 1953), Cuba (after 1959), North Vietnam (after 1954), formed the Second World . As the great imperial powers such as France and Britain continued to decline after WW2, colonized people, who also fought in the war, became more active in demanding independence from their colonizers. The former colonized parts of the world became known as the Third World because they were largely impoverished, trailing behind the economic development in the First and Second Worlds.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Aftermath of WW2 Europe lost its global leadership. Many countries lay in ruins from the war’s destruction. The US and USSR used the division of Germany to divide Europe along ideological lines (later became NATO and the Warsaw Pact treaties.) By the late 1940s most of Eastern Europe was communist and the USSR would crush resistance to communist authoritarian rule during the 1950s. In Western Europe, economic difficulties led to dependence on the US for economic aid (Marshall Plan). The US also maintained military bases and nuclear weapons in Western Europe aimed at Moscow.
Background image of page 4
Aftermath of WW2 The end of the war and the liberation of the Nazi death camps meant that millions of refugees were now migrating across Europe. Ethnic Germans fled westward. Russians also fled to the West but the Allies sent them back, many of whom went to prison or were killed by Stalin. Survivors of the Holocaust also found that their lives had improved little after the liberation of the camps; anti-Semitism was widespread throughout Europe. Some European officials even denied that the Holocaust existed.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The US and USSR: The Cold War At the war’s end the US had the most robust economy on the planet. Between 1940 and 1944 it grew 15% annually . The US cast aside its isolationist policies and embraced its global leadership role. Most Soviet citizens imagined that the end of the war would bring better times for them as well. But Stalin reasserted his authoritarianism with a new 5-year plan and increased the collectivization of farms begun in the 1930s. The ideological conflict between the US and the USSR began as far back
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HISTORY 2 taught by Professor Hill during the Spring '10 term at Irvine Valley College.

Page1 / 47

lecture 16 cold war and decolonization - The Cold War Era...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online