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History Day 2 - History Day 2 I Religious Controversy...

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History Day 2 I. Religious Controversy: 1517-1648 a. Western Church not unified a.i. Parish and regular clergy were each within single institution organized in a hierarchy of offices with the Pope at the top a.ii. Sacraments/ceremonies were basically the same across western Europe but there were various theological traditions (especially among the “regular” clergy) a.iii. Certain beliefs not universal among Christians II. Commonly held beliefs a. Providentialism: belief that nothing happens by accident a.i. Evil and natural and other disasters are the results of sins and the latter are signs of divine wrath punishing those actions a.ii. Good things are due to the intervention of the saints and God eternal grace b. Contractualism: belief that you can make deals with the saints, virgin, god, jesus c. Imitation of Christ as the highest form of spiritual and daily life, for Clergy and Lay d. Fragments of folk: belief in animistic and other spiritual forces in nature III. Churchs authority (right to rule) was questioned
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