GS FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE

GS FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE - * All countries that we have...

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* All countries that we have visited have been colonized in the past Introduction through Brazil Is globalization a new phenomenon? (why or why not, providing examples)? o Globalization is not a new process the interconnectedness of peoples’ lives and places across the world is much older The spread of Islam linked parts of Asia, Africa and Europe together in dense political and economic relationships long before European colonial expansion In the 14 th century, Spain’s Alhambra Palace was located in the northwest border of a Muslim world that extended to present day Indonesia, a reminder that global interconnections are not all new, or centered on the North The late 19 th century also saw “free” trade (backed by Britain’s military) driving massive international flows of capital, people, and commodities, as European colonialism brought distant places into close, if uneven, relationships with each other What is meant by the term global ‘South’ as it has been used in Global Studies this semester? o Parts of Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and Asia that are often referred to as the “developing world” o Largely based on national income (says Chris Smith) Which of the countries visited this semester (SAS Spring 2011) are part of the global ‘South,’ and why? o Brazil, Ghana, South Africa, India, China, Vietnam Which of the countries visited this semester (SAS Spring 2011) are part of the global ‘North,’ and why? o Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan Throughout the Global Studies course we have been focusing on a small number of themes that have been used to illustrate the way we can (or should speak about the global ‘South’). What is meant by the following terms: Power; Agency; Representation o Power : the capability to act, to control others, or something that operates within everyday techniques, strategies and practices o Agency : the power of individuals to act. Often used in contrast to “structure” which refers to abstract economic, social and political structures (such as capitalism) which some argue shape and control our actions o Representation: the ways in which language, symbols, signs and images stand for objects, people, events, processes or things In Global Studies what is meant by the following terms: Neoliberalism; Colonialism; Orientalism; Capitalism; Socialism; Communism; Eurocentrism; Mercantilism; Developmentalism; Postmodernism; Modernity; Nationalism; Market Socialism; Modernization; Debt Ratio? Neoliberalism: More orthodox economic liberal policy ideals and values featured minimally fettered capitalism (limited state role in the economy) o Colonialism: the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory. Colonialism is a process whereby sovereignty over the colony is claimed by the metropole and the social structure, government and economics the colony are changed by colonists - people from the metropole. Colonialism is a set of unequal relationships: between the metropole and the
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PLIR 1558 taught by Professor Sanchez during the Spring '10 term at UVA.

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GS FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE - * All countries that we have...

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