{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Information Processing - Knowledge Acquisition What is...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Knowledge Acquisition What is knowledge acquisition? The key paint to remember about knowledge acquisition is that we need to process maberial m that it is organized and stored in long-term memory in such a way as to facilitate la- retrieval. In other words, we want to accomplish two goals: 1. Make new knowIedge &want to what we already know. 2 Store knowledge so that it ci& be recalled when it ii needed. What are strategies and wticma for haw~edge acquisition? There are any strategies or actians that help you to accomplish the two basic goals of knowledge acquisition. Why is knowledge aequisitibn important to me as a learner? Try to remember one of the times yw crammed for an exam and were disappointed to find that in the exam you "blanked out" and forgot som-gthing. The problem here was acatally not one of forgetting rather it was r problem of meaningful learqing~ What happened was that when you were t d u n i n g you were not keeping the goal d &cvd in mind. Thi.a k the problem wit& 4 m e m a g . you are not learning the material in r way that makes sense b you, and you're not organidng f Co fit wht pou h d y know. Instead, you're trying to isolate the information in 8 "padcet. h t you am dump onto the exam page and probably forget afterward. Thie is, at best, a risky strabegy and often will backfire. Rote m e m q probably helped you through high dm01 and - m y help you get duough some of your lower divisian cxmraes, but it -probably not be effective and efficient enough to act you thraugh your upper division courses and definibely won't wark in gradtxate/law/medicrl d t o d or when yorr have a job. How does knowledge acquisition work? Memory for different events or hcb can be thought 'd as lying dong r continuum. The continuum ranges from short-krm ta long-term memory. Events or facts that are meaningful or useful are more likely to be stored toward the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
long-term end of the continuum. Tluee processes are imporat for accomplishing goal: 1. Make tfic new information relevant to what you already know. 2 O r g a . the new information in a way that makes sense tn you. 3. Store the new information in a place in memory where you can access it Why does knowledge acquisition take time and effort? Any expert in a sport will trll you that he/ she gained that apztbe from years of grueling work, practice urd sac*. Yoa shouldn't expect yourself tu become an expert at aq-g knowledge w d g h t either. Knowledge acquisition will take 8 lot d effopt for a while, urd you may fed that resorting tu rnemorizjng is easier- Ymfc right! Huyevcr, once you are codorable and adept at nsing h o w d g e acquisition [email protected] and achchcms, ycm will greatly h e f i t and will save yoruself time and Iast-minute anxiety when facing testa. Using strahgia and d o n s to acquire knmvledge is a &ong drill.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}