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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament
Old Testament Themes for Studying the New Testament (Part One) OT Themes for Studying the NT
Concepts, Contexts, and Terms: "This Monday the Redskins will travel to the `Frozen Tundra' to take on the Cheeseheads in a battle of epic proportions." OT Themes for Studying the NT
Concepts, Contexts, and Terms: "Though he is a feared striker he has a well balanced attack and a strong ground game. He will likely shoot for a double and work his opponent into the ground and pound or maybe look for a submission." OT Themes for Studying the NT Creation (Genesis 1 & 2) Fall (Genesis 3) Covenant (Genesis 12) Messiah (Deuteronomy 18:1518; other texts) Judgment / Apocalypse (Day of the LORD texts) 1 In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, 2 the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters. 3 Then God said, `Let there be light'; and there was light. 4 And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. 6 And God said, `Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.' 7 So God made the dome and separated the waters that were under the dome from the waters that were above the dome. And it was so. 8 God called the dome Sky. And there was evening and there Creation was morning, the second day. 9 And God said, `Let the waters under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.' And it was so. 10 God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. 11 Then God said, `Let the earth put forth vegetation: plants yielding seed, and fruit trees of every kind on earth that bear fruit with the seed in it.' And it was so. 12 The earth brought forth vegetation: plants yielding seed of every kind, and trees of every kind bearing fruit with the seed in it. And God saw that it was good. 13And there was evening and there was morning, the third day. 14 And God said, `Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to separate the day from the night; and Creation let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth.' And it was so. 16 God made the two great lights--the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night--and the stars. 17 God set them in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. 20 And God said, `Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the dome of the sky.' 21 So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, of every kind, with which the waters Creation swarm, and every winged bird of every kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, `Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.' 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day. 24 And God said, `Let the earth bring forth living creatures of every kind: cattle and creeping things and wild animals of the earth of every kind.' And it was so. 25 God made the wild animals of the earth of every kind, and the cattle of every kind, and everything that creeps upon the ground of every kind. And God saw that it was good. 26 Then God said, `Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the Creation cattle, and over all the wild animals of the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.' 27 So God created humankind in his image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them, and God said to them, `Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth.' 29 God said, `See, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit; you shall have them for food. 30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every Creation green plant for food.' And it was so. 31 God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. Creation Creation
Day One: Light / Darkness are separated Creation
Day One: Light / Darkness are separated Day Two: Water above (sky) and water below separated Creation
Day One: Light / Darkness are separated Day Two: Water above (sky) and water below separated Day Three: Water and land separated Creation
Day One: Light / Darkness are separated Day Four: Seasons, Days, Y ears, Sun and moon created Creation
Day One: Light / Darkness are separated Day Two: Water above (sky) and water below separated Day Four: Seasons, Days, Y ears, Sun and moon created Day Five: Aquatic animals and winged creatures created Creation
Day One: Light / Darkness are separated Day Two: Water above (sky) and water below separated Day Three: Water and land separated Day Four: Seasons, Days, Y ears, Sun and moon created Day Five: Aquatic animals and winged creatures created Day Six: Land animals and humans created Creation Pre-existing materials: earth, mist, dust, ground (Gen 2:5-7) "Man" ('adam) is formed from the dust of the ground ('adamah) All the animals are formed from the dust of the ground "Man" is given responsibilities: (1) cultivate the ground; (2) name the animals "Woman" is formed from the rib of man Fall
Scene 1: The Choice
Now the serpent was m crafty than any other ore wild animal that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, `Did God say, "Y ou shall not eat from any tree in the garden"?' 2 The woman said to the serpent, `We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden; 3 but God said, "Y ou shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, nor shall you touch it, or you shall die." ' 4 But the serpent said to the woman, `Y ou will not die;
Scene 1: The Choice
for God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.' 6 So when the wom saw that the an tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made loincloths for themselves.
Scene 2: The Confrontation They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden at the tim of the evening breeze, and the e man and his wife hid them selves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9 But the Lord God called to the man, and said to him , `Where are you?' 10 He said, `I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.' 11 He said, `Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?' 12 The m an
Scene 2: The Confrontation
said, `The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree, and I ate.' 13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, `What is this that you have done?' The woman said, `The serpent tricked me, and I ate.' Fall
Scene 3: The Curse
The Lord God said to the serpent, `Because you have done this, cursed are you among all animals and among all wild creatures; upon your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. 15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.' 16 To the woman he said, `I will greatly increase your pangs in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he
Scene 3: The Curse
shall rule over you.' 17 And to the man he said, `Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree about which I commanded you, "Y ou shall not eat of it", cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18 thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. 19 By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return.' Fall
Scene 4: The Aftermath The m named his wife Eve, because she was the an mother of all who live. 21 And the Lord God made garments of skins for the m and for his wife, and an clothed them. 22 Then the Lord God said, `See, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever'-- 23 therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken. 24 He drove out the man; and at
Scene 4: The Aftermath
the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a sword flaming and turning to guard , the way to the tree of life. Covenant
Now the Lord said to Abram, `Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you. 2 I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.'
YHWH's "I Wills": I will show you a land [that you shall possess] I will make of you a great nation I will bless you [I will] make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you I will curse the one who curses you Covenant
Three promises: (1) Land (2) Descendants (3) Blessing These promises become the essential elements of "covenant" and the standards by which the covenant with Y HWH is measured. Covenant
The 5 uses of bless / blessing in 12:1-3 may contrast with the five uses of curse / cursing in chs. 1-11: 3:14: "cursed are you above the cattle" 3:17: "cursed is the ground because of you." 4:11: "you are cursed from the ground" 5:29: "the ground which the Lord has cursed" 9:25: "cursed be Canaan" ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course ECO/HC 561 taught by Professor Lazzale during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '11