REL_112_Lecture_13 - REL 112: Introduction to the New...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament The Gospel of John Who is Jesus? John 1:15: 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. 4 In him was life, and that life was the light of men. 5 The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. The Gospel of John The Gospel of John "Aporias" (Literary seams or Displacements) Irony and Misunderstood statements Distinctive Literary Features: John 3:14: 1 Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a member of the Jewish ruling council. 2 He came to Jesus at night and said, "Rabbi, we know you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the miraculous signs you are doing if God were not with him." 3 In reply Jesus declared, "I tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom of God unless he is born again." 4 "How can a man be born when he is old?" Nicodemus asked. "Surely he cannot enter a second time into his mother's womb to be born!" The Gospel of John John 4:911: 9 The Samaritan woman said to him, "You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?" (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.) 10 Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water." 11 "Sir," the woman said, "you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water?" The Gospel of John The Gospel of John "Aporias" (Literary seams or Displacements) Irony and Misunderstood statements Literary "asides" in John Distinctive Literary Features: 35 The next day John was there again with two of his disciples. 36 When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, "Look, the Lamb of God!" 37 When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. 38 Turning around, Jesus saw them following and asked, "What do you want?" They said, "Rabbi" (which means Teacher), "where are you staying?" 39 "Come," he replied, "and you will see." So they went and saw where he was staying, and spent that day with him. It was about the tenth hour. 40 Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus. 41 The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, "We have found the Messiah" (that is, the Christ). 42 And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, "You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas" (which, when translated, is Peter). The Gospel of John The Gospel of John "Aporias" (Literary seams or Displacements) Irony and Misunderstood statements Literary "asides" in John "Amen, amen I say to you. . . ." Distinctive Literary Features: John 10:710: 7 Therefore Jesus said again, "Truly, truly I say to you, I am the gate for the sheep. 8 All who ever came before me were thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. 9 I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. He will come in and go out, and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full. The Gospel of John John 14:12: 12 "Truly truly I say to you, anyone who has faith in me will do what I have been doing. He will do even greater things than these, because I am going to the Father. 13 And I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Son may bring glory to the Father. 14 You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it." The Gospel of John The Gospel of John "Aporias" (Literary seams or Displacements) Irony and Misunderstood statements Literary "asides" in John "Amen, amen I say to you. . . ." "I am" statements Distinctive Literary Features: "Before Abraham was I am" (8:58) 4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, "Who is it you want?" 5 "Jesus of Nazareth," they replied. "I am," Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6 When Jesus said, "I am," they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 Again he asked them, "Who is it you want?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." 8 "I told you that I am," Jesus answered. "If you are looking for me, then let these men go." 9 This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: "I have not lost one of those you gave me." (18:58) The Gospel of John The Gospel of John "I am the bread of life" (6:48) "I am the light of the world" (8:12) "I am the door for the sheep" (10:7) "I am the good shepherd" (10:11) "I am the resurrection and the life" (11:25) "I am the way, the truth, and the life" (14:6) "I am the true vine" (15:1) The Gospel of John "Aporias" (Literary seams or Displacements) Irony and Misunderstood statements Literary "asides" in John "Amen, amen I say to you. . . ." "I am" statements The Beloved Disciple Distinctive Literary Features: The Gospel of John John 13:1824: 18 "I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill the scripture: `He who shares my bread has lifted up his heel against me.' 19 "I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am He. 20 Truly, truly I say to you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me." 21 After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, "Truly, truly I say to you, one of you is going to betray me." 22 His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant. 23 One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. 24 Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, "Ask him which one he The Gospel of John 25 Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Dear woman, here is your son," 27 and to the disciple, "Here is your mother." From that time on, this disciple took her into his home. John 19:2527: The Gospel of John "Aporias" (Literary seams or Displacements) Irony and Misunderstood statements Literary "asides" in John "Amen, amen I say to you. . . ." "I am" statements The Beloved Disciple "The Jews" Distinctive Literary Features: The Gospel of John No parables in John / Many parables in Synoptics Difference in material Difference in forms of Jesus' teaching In John, Jesus is explicitly identified as "God" Chronological difficulties Greek style, vocabulary and images differ John v. the Synoptics The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus 1:1c ". . . .and the Word was God." 8:58: ". . . .before Abraham was, I am." 10:30: "I and the father are one." The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus Coming of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Coming of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) "parakletos" is the unique term John uses for the Holy Spirit. It is best translated as "comforter," "advocate," "intercessor." The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus Coming of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) Belief The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Belief We see the emphasis upon belief in Jesus as early as 1:1415: "As many as received him; to those who believed in his name he gave authority to become children of God." The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus Coming of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) Belief Abiding (meno) The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: 4 Abiding (meno) Abide in me, and I will abide in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must abide in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you abide in me. 5"I am the vine; you are the branches. If a man abides in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. 6If anyone does not abide in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned. 7If you abide in me and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be given you. 8This is to my Father's glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples. The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus Coming of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) Belief Abiding (meno) Realized Eschatology The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Realized Eschatology ". . . .a time is coming and now is. . . ." (4:23; 5:25; 16:32) The Gospel of John Theology of the Fourth Gospel: Divinity of Jesus Coming of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) Belief Abiding (meno) Realized Eschatology Jesus as the unique way to God The Gospel of John Jesus as the unique way to God e.g., John 14:6 "I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me." Theology of the Fourth Gospel: I. Prologue (1:118) (Eternity past) Outline of the Fourth Gospel II. The Book of Signs (1:19 12:50) (2 years of Jesus' ministry) (Last week of Jesus' life) III. The Book of Glory (13:1 20:31) IV. Epilogue (21:125) (After Jesus' resurrection) ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online