REL_112_Lecture_15 (1)

REL_112_Lecture_15 (1) - REL 112: Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament An Introduction to Paul and His Letters Introduction to Paul's Letters I. The Pauline Corpus A. Undisputed Letters B. Disputed Letters II. Occasional nature of the letters III. Constructing a Pauline theology Introduction to Paul's Letters Undisputed Letters: (Authentic Pauline Epistles) 1 Thessalonians Galatians 1 & 2 Corinthians Philippians Philemon Romans Introduction to Paul's Letters Disputed Letters: (DeuteroPauline Epistles) Ephesians Colossians 2 Thessalonians 1 & 2 Timothy Titus Introduction to Paul's Letters Paul's letters (excluding Romans) were occasional: Introduction to Paul's Letters Paul's letters (excluding Romans) were occasional: (1) The letters are responses to certain situations. Therefore, we must understand the situation to which the letter is responding. Paul's letters (excluding Romans) were occasional: (1) The letters are responses to certain situations. Therefore, we must understand the situation to which the letter is responding. (2) All we can know of the situation is reflected in Paul's answer (i.e., we have no independent, nonPauline access to the situation). Introduction to Paul's Letters Paul's letters (excluding Romans) were occasional: (1) The letters are responses to certain situations. Therefore, we must understand the situation to which the letter is responding. (2) All we can know of the situation is reflected in Paul's answer (i.e., we have no independent, nonPauline access to the situation). (3) We must assume that Paul is not misrepresenting and/or misunderstanding the Introduction to Paul's Letters Introduction to Paul's Letters (4) We must recognize that Paul's understanding of the situation does not necessarily coincide with what his readers thought of the situation. Introduction to Paul's Letters (4) We must recognize that Paul's understanding of the situation does not necessarily coincide with what his readers thought of the situation. (5) If we were to "add up" all the Pauline letters, it would still not provide us with a comprehensive presentation of everything Paul thought or believed. Introduction to Paul's Letters A Theology of Paul? Introduction to Paul's Letters "The theology of Paul cannot be more than the sum of the theology of each of the individual letters for the obvious reason that these letters are the only firm evidence we have of Paul's theology. Consequently, we are bound to them and by them, and if we try to dispense with them in any degree we simply lose touch with our primary and only real sources. At the same time, however, a theology of Paul has to be more. Why? Because the letters themselves indicate the need to go behind the letters themselves. . . .The letters are somewhat like the sections of an iceberg above water: Introduction to Paul's Letters we can deduce from what is visible a good deal of what is invisible. Alternatively, Paul's letters are like the embossed marks on paper made by an irregular shape behind the paper; these marks are sufficiently clear to enable us to gain a coherent picture of the underlying regular shape" (James D.G. Dunn, The Theology of Paul the Apostle, 1415). Introduction to Paul's Letters "It is commonplace to say that it is easier to interpret Paul than Jesus because we have direct access to Paul's own letters but only indirect access to Jesus through the Gospels. Even so, the theology of Paul and the theology expressed in the letters are not identical. This is not because Paul thought one thing and wrote another; rather, this distinction results from the character of Paul's letters as we know them. What we know of Paul's theology depends on the letters we have; yet the letters Introduction to Paul's Letters themselves were significantly affected by what lay ahead of them (among the readers), and by what lay behind them (in the writer and his resources) as well" (Leander Keck, Paul and His Letters, 12). Introduction to Paul's Letters "Paul was born a Jew, lived a Jew, and died a Jew. It was therefore obviously as a Jew that he followed Jesus as Messiah and Lord. Indeed, although the word "Christian" appears twice in the book of Acts and once in a New Testament letter that might have been influenced by the Pauline tradition, it is completely absent from the Pauline correspondence. Paul knows Gentiles as well as Jews who are believers in Jesus as the Christ, but not Christians. If Paul was the founder of Christianity, he did not know it" (Michael J. Gorman, Apostle of the Crucified Lord). General Chronology of Paul's Life: ca. 5 BCE 10 CE Born in Tarsus ca 30 36 CE Cor 3:6; Acts ca. 33 36 CE 1:15 ca. 33 39 CE Damascus ca. 36 39 CE 19) Paul's Ministry: An Overview Persecuted the early church (1 15:9; Gal 1:1314; Phil 8:13) Conversion and calling (Gal 16; Acts 9:22, 26) Three years in Arabia / (Gal 1:17) 1st Visit to Jerusalem (Gal 1:18 General Chronology of Paul's Life: ca. 37 48 CE Early missionary work in Syria & Cilicia (Gal 1:21; cf. Acts 9:30) ca 46 58 CE Mission work in Asia Minor , Greece, etc. During this period most of his letters were written Arrest in Jerusalem (Acts 21:27 Imprisoned in Rome (Acts 28) Possible release from Rome, Paul's Ministry: An Overview ca. 54 58 CE 36) ca. 60 63 CE ca. 63 68 CE Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #1 (Acts 1314) Where? Cyprus, Pamphylia, South Galatia When? 4648 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #1 (Acts 1314) Where? Cyprus, Pamphylia, South Galatia When? 4648 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #3 (Acts 18:23 21:16) Where? Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Cyprus When? 53 58 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #3 (Acts 18:23 21:16) Where? Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Cyprus When? 53 58 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip to Rome (Acts 21:15 28:31) Where? Jerusalem, Cyprus, Asia, Crete, Malta, Italy When? 58 61 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip to Rome (Acts 21:15 28:31) Where? Jerusalem, Cyprus, Asia, Crete, Malta, Italy When? 58 61 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course ECO/HC 561 taught by Professor Lazzale during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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