REL_112_Lecture_17 - REL 112: Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament Paul's Letter to the Galatians Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Agrarian Region Temple (Augustus Caesar) Ancient Galatian Coins Ancient Galatian Coins Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians The word "Galatia" is related to the word "Gaul." The Galatians were Celtic peoples who had come from Gaul and settled in the region around 280 BCE. Galatians Which Galatians? North Galatians Theory South Galatians Theory Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians Identity of the "Agitators" (a.k.a. the "Judaizers") Galatians Judaizers (1:7; 3:1; 4:17; 5:712; 6:1213) Most likely Jewish Christians from Jerusalem Galatians 6 "I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting him who called you by the grace of Christ, for another gospel; 7 which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ." (Galatians 1:67) Judaizers Galatians 1 "You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified?" (Galatians 3:1) Judaizers Galatians 17 "They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them." (Galatians 4:17) Judaizers Galatians 7 " You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth? 8 This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. 9 A little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough. 10 I have confidence in you in the Lord that you will adopt no other view; but the one who is disturbing you will bear his judgment, whoever he is. . . .12 I wish that those who are troubling you would castrate themselves." Judaizers Galatians 12 "Those who desire to make a good showing in the flesh try to compel you to be circumcised, simply so that they will not be persecuted for the cross of Christ. 13 For those who are circumcised do not even keep the Law themselves, but they desire to have you circumcised so that they may boast in your flesh." (Galatians 6:1213) Judaizers Galatians There is agreement among modern scholars that the "agitators" were Jewish Christians from Judea who advocated circumcision and Law observance. Judaizers Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians Identity of the "Agitators" (a.k.a. the "Judaizers") Paul's allegory of the SarahHagar story Galatians Bondage Freedom Galatians Hagar, the bond woman Bondage Sarah, the free woman Freedom Galatians Hagar, the bond woman Bondage Sarah, the free woman Freedom Ishmael, the child of flesh Isaac, the child of promise & human determination Galatians Hagar, the bond woman Bondage Sarah, the free woman Freedom Ishmael, the child of flesh Isaac, the child of promise & human determination The old covenant The covenant of promise Galatians Hagar, the bond woman Bondage Sarah, the free woman Freedom Ishmael, the child of flesh Isaac, the child of promise & human determination The old covenant The earthly Jerusalem The covenant of promise The heavenly Jerusalem Ishmael Galatians Isaac Ishmael Galatians Isaac Spirit /Promise Faith Origin: Flesh Human effort Ishmael Galatians Isaac Spirit /Promise Faith Salvation Freedom Origin: Flesh Human effort Results: Slavery Bondage Ishmael Galatians Isaac Spirit /Promise Faith Salvation Freedom Accepted Justified To be great in number Origin: Flesh Human effort Results: Slavery Bondage God's Cast out View: Enslaved To be outnumbered Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians Identity of the "Agitators" (a.k.a. the "Judaizers") Paul's allegory of the SarahHagar story Paul's view of the Mosaic Law (Grk: nomos) Law (nomos) occurs 32 times in Galatians 6 times in chapter 2 15 times in chapter 3 4 times in chapter 4 5 times in chapter 5 2 times in chapter 6 Galatians Galatians The Law is good. Humans are inherently evil. The Law's perfection reveals human evil. Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians Identity of the "Agitators" (a.k.a. the "Judaizers") Paul's allegorical interpretation of the Sarah Hagar story Paul's view of the Mosaic Law (Grk: nomos) Paul's teaching on justification by faith Important Issues in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: Galatians Identity of the Galatians Identity of the "Agitators" (a.k.a. the "Judaizers") Paul's allegorical interpretation of the Sarah Hagar story Paul's view of the Mosaic Law (Grk: nomos) "Faith in Christ" or "the faithfulness of Christ"? Paul's teaching on justification by faith Paul's instruction on liberty in Christ Galatians 5:125 Galatians 5:125 Legalism (5:1) Galatians 5:125 Legalism Sin (5:1) License to (5:13) 5:125 LIBERTY IN CHRIST Galatians Legalism Sin (5:1) License to (5:13) ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course ECO/HC 561 taught by Professor Lazzale during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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