REL_112_Lecture_18 - REL 112 Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament Paul's Ministry in Corinth Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Main Street in Corinth Roman Fountain at Corinth Roman Fountain at Corinth Marketplace (Agora) at Corinth Marketplace (Agora) at Corinth Speaker's Platform (Bema) Corinthian Theater Corinthian Deities Aphrodite goddess of love Athena goddess of wisdom & culture Tyche goddess who governs fortune Corinthian Deities Dionysus god of vines, wines, & ecstasy Temple of Apollo Temple of Apollo Emperor Worship Caesar Augustus & the temple of the Imperial Cult The Corinthian Letters Paul left Corinth sometime in 5152 CE. Our first letter to the Corinthians is written approximately three years later (54 CE). However, there is evidence of a letter written between Paul's departure and our first letter that is now lost (cf. 1 Corinthians 5:9). This is referred to as the "previous letter." Our second letter to the Corinthians was likely written later in 54 CE. However, there is also evidence of a "tearful letter" written between our canonical 1 and 2 Corinthians. This letter was also likely written later in 54 CE. The Corinthian Letters Corinthian Chronology: The Corinthian Letters Paul's first visit (4951 CE) Corinthian Chronology: "Previous letter" (53 CE) 1 Corinthians (spring 54 CE, cf. 16:8) The Corinthian Letters Paul's first visit (4951 CE) Corinthian Chronology: "Previous letter" (53 CE) 1 Corinthians (spring 54 CE, cf. 16:8) Paul's second "painful" visit (54 CE) "Letter of Tears" (54 CE) 2 Corinthians (54 CE) The Corinthian Letters Paul's first visit (4951 CE) Corinthian Chronology: "Previous letter" (53 CE) 1 Corinthians (spring 54 CE, cf. 16:8) Paul's second "painful" visit (54 CE) "Letter of Tears" (54 CE) 2 Corinthians (54 CE) Paul's third visit (5455 CE) The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions The Corinthian Letters Now I exhort you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions 1:1012: Christ, that you all agree, and there be no divisions among you, but you be made complete in the same mind and in the same judgment. For I have been informed concerning you, my brethren, by Chloe's people, that there are quarrels among you. Now I mean this, that each one of you is saying, "I am of Paul," and "I of Apollos," and "I of Cephas," and "I of Christ." The Corinthian Letters For when one says, "I am of Paul," and another, "I am of Apollos," are you not mere men? What then is Apollos? And what is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, even as the Lord gave opportunity to each one. The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions 3:45: The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions 11:1819: For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that divisions exist among you; and in part, I believe it. For there must also be factions among you, in order that those who are approved may have become evident among you. The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions (2) Overemphasis on the spiritual to the exclusion of the material The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions (2) Overemphasis on the spiritual to the exclusion of the material Sexual promiscuity / prostitution The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions (2) Overemphasis on the spiritual to the exclusion of the material Sexual promiscuity / prostitution Incestuous relationships The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions (2) Overemphasis on the spiritual to the exclusion of the material Sexual promiscuity / prostitution Incestuous relationships Obscuring of sexual differences The Corinthian Letters The Situation at Corinth: (1) Developing of Factions (2) Overemphasis on the spiritual to the exclusion of the material Sexual promiscuity / prostitution Incestuous relationships Obscuring of sexual differences Denial of the resurrection The Unity of the Church Immorality (incest) / Traffic with prostitutes Disputes / Factions Food sacrificed to idols Self v. Others /the group / relational concepts Spiritual gifts Love Major Theological Emphases: 1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians 13: 1 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 3 If I give all I possess to the poor and surrender my body to the flames, but have not love, I gain nothing. 4 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5 It is 1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians 13: is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6 Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7 It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres. 8 Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part, 10 but when perfection comes, the imperfect disappears. 11 When I was a child, 1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians 13: reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put childish ways behind me. 12 Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known. 13 And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. 1 Corinthians Major Theological Emphases: 1 Corinthians The value of the human body Permissible v. Beneficial Resurrection body v. Spiritual Body Christ's own resurrection ...
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