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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament
Paul's Second Letter to the Corinthians A Personal Letter & Runaway Slave (Philemon) Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview The Corinthian Letters Paul's first visit (4951 CE) Corinthian Chronology: "Previous letter" (53 CE) 1 Corinthians (spring 54 CE, cf. 16:8) Paul's second "painful" visit (54 CE) "Letter of Tears" (54 CE) 2 Corinthians (54 CE) Paul's third visit (5455 CE) "The father and founder of the Corinthian community, Paul, finds himself alienated from his `children,' who, abetted by intruding apostles, have called into question his integrity. To resolve this conflict, Paul must engage in an extended defense of his ministry in order to show the Corinthians that they, and those who have intruded upon his missionary field, have misunderstood the essential nature of apostolic ministry and, therefore, of the gospel. In this story, Paul and his associates 2 Corinthians (Timothy and Titus) find themselves in conflict with the Corinthians and a group of intruding apostles (whom Paul sarcastically dubs "super apostles") over the very nature of apostolic ministry. At stake in this conflict are nothing less than the nature of ministry and the shape of the gospel that will be preached in Corinth" (II Corinthians, Frank Matera). 2 Corinthians 2 Corinthians
I. Paul addresses the crisis over his apostolic ministry (1:2 7:16) II. Paul deals with the collection for Jerusalem (8:1 9:15) III. Paul defends his apostolic ministry and warns the community to change before his third visit (10:1 13:10) Structure Theological Themes in 2 Corinthians:
(1) God who raises the dead (2) Jesus Christ, the agent of God's salvation (3) The Spirit (4) The New Covenant ministry (5) Gospel paradoxes 2 Corinthians Theological Themes in 2 Corinthians:
1. God (the God who raises the dead) Term theos ("God") appears 79 times 2 Corinthians God has prepared believers for resurrection life (God is faithful, the source of extraordinary power, and as the one who reconciled the world to himself through Christ) God continues to strengthen believers in Christ 2. Christ, the agent of salvation Death of Christ was the means by which God reconciled the world to himself Christ became poor that the world might become rich Christ is the groom and the Corinthian community is the pledged bride Christ is the faithful son, the eikon of God Theological Themes in 2 Corinthians: 2 Corinthians 3. Spirit of the Living God Spirit is the lifegiving power given to believers Spirit is the pledge (arrabon) guaranteeing what will come in the future Spirit removes the veil that prevents people from believing in Christ Theological Themes in 2 Corinthians: 2 Corinthians "Paul's understanding of God, Christ, and Spirit in 2 Corinthians can be summarized in this way. By Christ, God reconciled the world to himself and gave those who believe in Christ the Spirit, the pledge of their final salvation. The presence of this lifegiving Spirit removes the `veil' so that believers can contemplate the very glory of God as they hear the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God. As they contemplate God's glory in Christ, through the power of the Spirit, they are being transformed from glory to glory, by the Lord who is the Spirit" (II Corinthians, Frank Matera). 2 Corinthians Theological Themes in 2 Corinthians:
4. Paul's Ministry Ministry of reconciliation Ministry of the New Covenant Apostleship 2 Corinthians 1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our dear friend and fellow worker, 2 to Apphia our sister, to Archippus our fellow soldier and to the church that meets in your home: 3 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 4 I always thank my God as I remember you in my prayers, 5 because I hear about your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for all the saints. 6 I pray that you may be active in sharing your faith, so that you will have a full understanding of every good thing we have in Christ. 7 Your love has Philemon given me great joy and encouragement, because you, brother, have refreshed the hearts of the saints. 8 Therefore, although in Christ I could be bold and order you to do what you ought to do, 9 yet I appeal to you on the basis of love. I then, as Paul--an old man and now also a prisoner of Christ Jesus--10 I appeal to you for my son Onesimus, who became my son while I was in chains. 11 Formerly he was useless to you, but now he has become useful both to you and to me. 12 I am sending him--who is my very heart--back to you. 13 I would have liked to keep him with Philemon me so that he could take your place in helping me while I am in chains for the gospel. 14 But I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that any favor you do will be spontaneous and not forced. 15 Perhaps the reason he was separated from you for a little while was that you might have him back for good--16 no longer as a slave, but better than a slave, as a dear brother. He is very dear to me but even dearer to you, both as a man and as a brother in the Lord. 17 So if you consider me a partner, welcome him as you would welcome me. 18 If he has done you Philemon any wrong or owes you anything, charge it to me. 19 I, Paul, am writing this with my own hand. I will pay it back--not to mention that you owe me your very self. 20 I do wish, brother, that I may have some benefit from you in the Lord; refresh my heart in Christ. 21 Confident of your obedience, I write to you, knowing that you will do even more than I ask. 22 And one thing more: Prepare a guest room for me, because I hope to be restored to you in answer to your prayers. 23 Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus, sends you greetings. 24 And so do Mark, Aristarchus, Philemon Demas and Luke, my fellow workers. 25 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Philemon 1. Onesimus was your slave and an unbeliever 2. Onesimus ran away and became a follower of Jesus under my ministry 3. I am sending Onesimus back to you 4. Because I am both an apostle and your spiritual mentor, I *could* command you to do this, but instead I am appealing to your good graces. 5. Onesimus is useful to me (so send him back) Philemon Paul is asking Philemon to model the redemption he has found in Christ in a social context. Connection Between Theology and Praxis: "The changes that knowing Jesus brings about should manifest themselves Philemon ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course MATH 116 200 taught by Professor Janet during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '11