REL_112_Lecture_20 - REL 112: Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament Paul's Letter to the Romans You are here Julius Caesar Assassinated in 29 BCE Augustus Caesar Ruled Rome: 27 BCE 14 CE Tiberius Caesar Ruled Rome: 14 CE 37 CE Gaius Caesar "Caligula" Ruled Rome: 37 CE 41 CE Claudius Caesar Ruled Rome: 41 CE 54 CE Nero Caesar Ruled Rome: 54 CE 68 CE Roman Colosseum Roman Colosseum Appian Way Appian Way Circus Maximus Pantheon Religion in Rome Ancient Roman Gods (at least 64 deities) Imperial Cult (emperor worship) Mystery Religions / Cults Occasion: Paul did not establish the churches at Rome Paul had not yet visited the churches at Rome Paul writes in anticipation of his arrival in Rome Romans Theme: The Gospel is God's power unto salvation for all who believe (1:1617) Theological Emphases: Universal Depravity of Humanity For Paul, every member of the human race is depraved by birth and by choice. By virtue of birth they have Adam's sin nature imputed to them. By identification with Christ, God's righteousness can be imputed to them. Romans Theological Emphases: Universal Depravity of Humanity Romans 1:1832: "God gave them over. . . ." (3x) Romans 18 The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of men who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19 since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. 20 For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities--his eternal power and divine nature--have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. 21 For although they knew God, they neither Romans thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles. 24 Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. 25 They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than Romans 26 Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural ones. 27 In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion. 28 Furthermore, since they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what Romans become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, 30 slanderers, Godhaters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; 31 they are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless. 32 Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them. Romans 1. God has provided enough knowledge of himself in nature and in the world, but humanity has rejected knowledge of God to do what they want. Therefore, God gave them over to their sin. 2. Humanity has worshipped created things rather than the Creator God. Therefore, God gave them over to their sin. 3. Humanity has persisted in unrighteous behavior Therefore, God gave them over to their sin. Romans Theological Emphases: Universal Depravity of Humanity Romans 1:1832: "God gave them over. . . ." (3x) Romans 3:923: "No one is good. . . .not even one" "All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God." Romans 9 What shall we conclude then? Are we any better? Not at all! We have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under sin. 10 As it is written: "There is no one righteous, not even one; 11 there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. 12 All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one." 13 "Their throats are open graves; their tongues practice deceit." "The poison of vipers is on their lips." 14 "Their mouths are full Romans are swift to shed blood; 16 ruin and misery mark their ways, 17and the way of peace they do not know." 18 "There is no fear of God before their eyes." 19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. 20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin. 21 But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has Romans the Law and the Prophets testify. 22 This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. . . . Romans Theological Emphases: Faith of Abraham The relationship between God and Abraham is a model of the faithbased relationship that is now offered to Jews and Gentiles alike. Romans What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness" (Romans 4:13). 1 Theological Emphases: Faith of Abraham Romans "Justification" is a legal term that points to the reality of one being "declared righteous" in the sight of the Law. For Paul, Jew and Gentile alike are saved from the condemnatory power of the Law through faith in/of Christ. This identification through faith imputes God's righteousness to the sinful people described in chapter 13. Theological Emphases: Justification / Righteousness Romans Theological Emphases: Justification / Righteousness Romans Justification by faith brings reconciliation to God (5:111) Theological Emphases: Justification / Righteousness Romans Justification by faith brings reconciliation to God (5:111) Justification by faith brings freedom from sin (5:1221) Theological Emphases: Justification / Righteousness Romans Justification by faith brings reconciliation to God (5:111) Justification by faith brings freedom from sin (5:1221) Justification by faith is life to God and death to sin (6:17:6) Theological Emphases: Justification / Righteousness Romans Justification by faith brings reconciliation to God (5:111) Justification by faith brings freedom from sin (5:1221) Justification by faith is life to God and death to sin (6:17:6) Justification by faith brings life in the Spirit and conquering of the flesh (7:78:39) Theological Emphases: Justification / Righteousness Romans Theological Emphases: God's Plan for Israel (chaps. 911) Romans Theological Emphases: God's Plan for Israel (chaps. 911) Romans Israel has rejected her "messiah"--Jesus Theological Emphases: God's Plan for Israel (chaps. 911) Romans Israel has rejected her "messiah"--Jesus Israel's hardening is only partial (a remnant exists) Israel has rejected her "messiah"--Jesus Israel's hardening is only partial (a remnant exists) Israel's hardening is only temporary--after the appropriate number of Gentiles believe, the remainder of Israel will come to faith Theological Emphases: God's Plan for Israel (chaps. 911) Romans Israel has rejected her "messiah"--Jesus Israel's hardening is only partial (a remnant exists) Israel's hardening is only temporary--after the appropriate number of Gentiles believe, the remainder of Israel will come to faith Meanwhile, the Gentiles should accept their status as "branches" that are "grafted in" Theological Emphases: God's Plan for Israel (chaps. 911) Romans Theological Emphases: Community Concerns (chaps. 1215) Romans Theological Emphases: Community Concerns (chaps. 1215) Holiness before God Romans Theological Emphases: Community Concerns (chaps. 1215) Holiness before God Goodness, Love and Respect (the weaker and Romans stronger brothers; respect for authority, etc.) Theological Emphases: Community Concerns (chaps. 1215) Holiness before God Goodness, Love and Respect (the weaker and Romans stronger brothers; respect for authority, etc.) Hospitality in the Jewish and Gentile community Implications for Christian Theology: Universal Depravity Original Sin Salvation Election (Corporate / Individual?) Holiness / Sanctification Israel's Significance Romans ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course MATH 116 200 taught by Professor Janet during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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