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REL_112_Lecture_21 - REL 112 Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament Paul's Letter to the Philippians Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview The City of Philippi Philippi was famous for a number of reasons: Prior to its founding by Greeks it was known as an area rich in gold deposits. (I.e., it was a gold mining town.) It had been founded by Philip II of Macedon in 357 BCE and named after him (Philip II was the father of Alexander the Great). The City of Philippi Philippi was famous for a number of reasons: It was where the battle between Brutus and Cassius (assassins of Julius Caesar) and Marc Antony & Octavian (later Augustus Caesar) took place in 42 BCE. The City of Philippi Philippi was famous for a number of reasons: It was where the battle between Brutus and Cassius (assassins of Julius Caesar) and Marc Antony & Octavian (later Augustus Caesar) took place in 42 BCE. Though it was founded by Greeks and inhabited by some Jews, in the time of Paul it was Roman through and through. You are here The Egnatian Way (Via Egnatia) The Marketplace (Agora) The Marketplace (Agora) Paul's Brief Imprisonment (w/Silas) 16 Once when we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a female slave who had a spirit by which she predicted the future. She earned a great deal of money for her owners by fortunetelling. 17 She followed Paul and the rest of us, shouting, "These men are servants of the Most High God, who are telling you the way to be saved." 18 She kept this up for many days. Finally Paul became so annoyed that he turned around and said to the spirit, "In the name of Jesus Christ I command Acts 16:1632 her!" At that moment the spirit left her. 19 When her owners realized that their hope of making money was gone, they seized Paul and Silas and dragged them into the marketplace to face the authorities. 20 They brought them before the magistrates and said, "These men are Jews, and are throwing our city into an uproar 21 by advocating customs unlawful for us Romans to accept or practice." 22 The crowd joined in the attack against Paul and Silas, and the magistrates ordered them to be Acts 16:1632 beaten with rods. 23 After they had been severely flogged, they were thrown into prison, and the jailer was commanded to guard them carefully. 24 When he received these orders, he put them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks. 25 About midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God, and the other prisoners were listening to them. 26 Suddenly there was such a violent earthquake that the foundations of the prison were shaken. At once all the Acts 16:1632 everyone's chains came loose. 27 The jailer woke up, and when he saw the prison doors open, he drew his sword and was about to kill himself because he thought the prisoners had escaped. 28 But Paul shouted, "Don't harm yourself! We are all here!" 29 The jailer called for lights, rushed in and fell trembling before Paul and Silas. 30 He then brought them out and asked, "Sirs, what must I do to be saved?" 31 They replied, "Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved--you and your Acts 16:1632 they spoke the word of the Lord to him and to all the others in his house. Acts 16:1632 Emperor Worship The Imperial Cult Philippian Deities Silvanus an obscure Roman God for males of the lower classes Philippian Deities Dionysus / Bacchus god of vines, wines, & ecstasy Philippian Deities Diana / Artemis goddess of fertility and hunt Philippian Deities Diana / Artemis goddess of fertility and hunt Philippian Deities Apollo god of music, health, youth Philippian Deities Apollo god of music, health, youth Philippian Deities Isis goddess of immortality Philippian Deities Jupiter / Zeus highest of the gods Philippians Occasion of the Letter: Paul is writing from prison to express his thankfulness to the church at Philippi for their gift received through Epaphroditus, to update the Philippians on his status and situation, and to encourage to sisters to be reconciled. Theme of the Letter: The suffering, emptying, and glory of Christ. Philippians 12 Now I want you to know, brothers and sisters, that what has happened to me has actually served to advance the gospel. 13 As a result, it has become clear throughout the whole palace guard and to everyone else that I am in chains for Christ. 14 And because of my chains, most of the brothers and sisters have become confident in the Lord and dare all the more to proclaim the gospel without fear. (Paul in prison) 1:1214: Philippians (Update on Epaphroditus) 2:2529: 25 But I think it is necessary to send back to you Epaphroditus, my brother, coworker and fellow soldier, who is also your messenger, whom you sent to take care of my needs. 26 For he longs for all of you and is distressed because you heard he was ill. 27 Indeed he was ill, and almost died. But God had mercy on him, and not on him only but also on me, to spare me sorrow upon sorrow. 28 Therefore I am all the more eager to send Philippians (Update on Epaphroditus) 2:2529: that when you see him again you may be glad and I may have less anxiety. 29 So then, welcome him in the Lord with great joy, and honor people like him, 30 because he almost died for the work of Christ. He risked his life to make up for the help you yourselves could not give me. Philippians 1 Further, my brothers and sisters, rejoice in the Lord! It is no trouble for me to write the same things to you again, and it is a safeguard for you. 2 Watch out for those dogs, those evildoers, those mutilators of the flesh. 3 For it is we who are the circumcision, we who serve God by his Spirit, who boast in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh-- 4 though I myself have reasons for such confidence. If someone else thinks they have reasons to put confidence in the (Paul responds to false teachers) 3:111: Philippians flesh, I have more: 5 circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; in regard to the law, a Pharisee; 6 as for zeal, persecuting the church; as for righteousness based on the law, faultless. 7 But whatever were gains to me I now consider loss for the sake of Christ. 8 What is more, I consider everything a loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all (Paul responds to false teachers) 3:111: Philippians things. I consider them garbage, that I may gain Christ 9 and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in[a] Christ--the righteousness that comes from God on the basis of faith. 10 I want to know Christ--yes, to know the power of his resurrection and participation in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, 11 and so, somehow, attaining to the resurrection from the dead. (Paul responds to false teachers) 3:111: Philippians (Paul appeals for unity) 4:13: 1 Therefore, my brothers and sisters, you whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, stand firm in the Lord in this way, dear friends! 2 I plead with Euodia and I plead with Syntyche to be of the same mind in the Lord. 3 Yes, and I ask you, my true companion, help these women since they have contended at my side in the cause of the gospel, along with Clement and the rest of my coworkers, whose names are in the book of life. The "Christ Hymn" Philippians 2:511 5 Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bondservant, and being made in the likeness of men. 8 Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Philippians The "Christ Hymn" Philippians 2:511 9 For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, 10 so that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE WILL BOW, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Philippians The "Christ Hymn" Philippians 2:511 Where Christology meets Soteriology meets Ethics Philippians The "Christ Hymn" Philippians 2:511 Christology Jesus existed in the very form (morphe) of God Jesus emptied himself of that privilege Jesus became a servant (to God and to humanity) Jesus, submitted to death Jesus was exalted by the Father Jesus has the Exalted Name which demands human confession Philippians The "Christ Hymn" Philippians 2:511 Soteriology The exalted position of Christ necessitates confession Ethics Paul's beginning point in v. 5 is "have the same attitude in yourself which was also in Christ Jesus" In v. 12 he begins his exhortation once again Philippians Philippians What is the relationship between Christ's example and Christian behavior? ...
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