REL_112_Lecture_23 - REL 112: Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament The DeuteroPauline Letters: Colossians & 2 Thessalonians The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The socalled "Colossian Heresy" (cf. 2:823) The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The socalled "Colossian Heresy" (cf. 2:823) 1. Jewish holidays and dietary practices are being observed (2:16) The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The socalled "Colossian Heresy" (cf. 2:823) 1. Jewish holidays and dietary practices are being observed (2:16) 2. Asceticism and selfabasement are being practiced (2:18, 21, 23) The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The socalled "Colossian Heresy" (cf. 2:823) 1. Jewish holidays and dietary practices are being observed (2:16) 2. Asceticism and selfabasement are being practiced (2:18, 21, 23) 3. Worship or veneration of angels (2:18) The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The socalled "Colossian Heresy" (cf. 2:823) 1. Jewish holidays and dietary practices are being observed (2:16) 2. Asceticism and selfabasement are being practiced (2:18, 21, 23) 3. Worship or veneration of angels (2:18) 4. Visions in ecstatic experiences (2:18) The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions Purpose of the Letter? The socalled "Colossian Heresy" (cf. 2:823) 1. Jewish holidays and dietary practices are being observed (2:16) 2. Asceticism and selfabasement are being practiced (2:18, 21, 23) 3. Worship or veneration of angels (2:18) 4. Visions in ecstatic experiences (2:18) 5. Concern with the "elementary principles of the world" (2:8) The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1, 23; 4:8). The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1, 23; 4:8). Style and vocabulary are strikingly different from the undisputed Pauline letters. The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1, 23; 4:8). Style and vocabulary are strikingly different from the undisputed Pauline letters. The theology expressed in the letter differs from Paul's presentation in his undisputed letters. The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1, 23; 4:8). Style and vocabulary are strikingly different from the undisputed Pauline letters. The theology expressed in the letter differs from Paul's presentation in his undisputed letters. Conclusion: Colossians was likely written by a follower of Paul who knew his thought well. It is possible that Paul himself commissioned the letter. The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology The DeuteroPauline Epistles "He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation; for in him all things in heaven and on earth were created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers--all things have been created by through him and for him. He himself is before all things, and in him all things hold together. He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that he might come to have first place in everything. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him God was pleased to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, by making peace through the blood of his cross" (1:1520). Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology Jesus is divine (v. 15, 19; cf. also 2:9) Jesus is the firstborn of all creation (v. 15) Jesus is the agent of all creation (v. 16) Jesus is the sustainer of all creation (v. 17) Jesus is head of the universal church (v. 18) Jesus is the firstborn from among the dead (v. 18) Jesus is the agent of God's reconciliation of all The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology (2) Eschatology The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology (2) Eschatology The Eschatology of Colossians is structured upon its Christology. Through baptism, believers die with Christ and are already "raised" with him. The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology (2) Eschatology The Eschatology of Colossians is structured upon its Christology. Through baptism, believers die with Christ and are already "raised" with him. "Powers" belong to the realm of the "below," while believers are oriented to the "above" where Christ is. The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology (2) Eschatology (3) Ecclesiology The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology (2) Eschatology (3) Ecclesiology The central ecclesiological concept in Colossians is the "body" (i.e., "the body of Christ"). The DeuteroPauline Epistles Colossians: Key Theological Emphases (1) "Cosmic" Christology (2) Eschatology (3) Ecclesiology The central ecclesiological concept in Colossians is the "body" (i.e., "the body of Christ"). In Colossians, the "body" seems to be the universal body of believers--a different concept from the "body of Christ" imagery in undisputed Pauline letters. The DeuteroPauline Epistles The DeuteroPauline Epistles What has traditionally been called 2 Thessalonians is a disputed letter. If Paul wrote it, it can be dated fairly early (51 CE). If someone else wrote it in Paul's name, it is probably very late (80 100 CE). Paul's Missionary Journeys: What? Trip #2 (Acts 15:36 18:22) Where? Syria, Cilicia, Galatia, Phrygia, Asia, Macedonia, Achaia When? 49 52 CE Paul's Ministry: An Overview Thessalonian Harbor The Egnatian Way (Via Egnatia) Worship of Traditional Deities Emperor Worship Judaism & Synagogue Worship Christianity The DeuteroPauline Epistles 2 Thessalonians: Some Preliminary Questions 2 Thessalonians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? The DeuteroPauline Epistles 2 Thessalonians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? The DeuteroPauline Epistles Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1; 3:17). 2 Thessalonians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? The DeuteroPauline Epistles Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1; 3:17). Structure and language of 2 Thessalonians are very close to that of 1 Thessalonians. 2 Thessalonians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? The DeuteroPauline Epistles Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1; 3:17). Structure and language of 2 Thessalonians are very close to that of 1 Thessalonians. The eschatology of 2 Thessalonians seems to present a different (and some have said "corrective") view of that in 1 Thessalonians-- possibly due to the delay of the Parousia. 2 Thessalonians: Some Preliminary Questions From Paul? The DeuteroPauline Epistles Writer identifies himself as Paul (1:1; 3:17). Structure and language of 2 Thessalonians are very close to that of 1 Thessalonians. The eschatology of 2 Thessalonians seems to present a different (and some have said "corrective") view of that in 1 Thessalonians-- possibly due to the delay of Jesus' return. Conclusion: Inconclusive. Possibly some connection with Paul. The DeuteroPauline Epistles 2 Thessalonians: Theological Emphases (1) Persecution (1:312) The Thessalonians are undergoing persecution. The author gives thanks for their endurance (1:34), provides perspectives on the future fate of believers and nonbelievers (1:510), and then offers a prayer for their continued faithfulness (1:1112). The DeuteroPauline Epistles 2 Thessalonians: Theological Emphases (1) Persecution (1:312) (2) Parousia (2:13:5) The author warns against error (2:12) and then provides an eschatological "plan" of events that must happen prior to the Parousia (2:212). He follows these with exhortations and prayers for faithfulness (2:133:5) The DeuteroPauline Epistles 2 Thessalonians: Theological Emphases (1) Persecution (1:312) (2) Parousia (2:13:5) (3) Idleness (3:615) The author concludes his theological discussion by exhorting the Thessalonians to avoid idleness. He appeals to the apostolic example as the basis for his exhortation (3:610) and offers a plan for dealing with the idle people in their midst (3:11 14) ...
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