This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament
Four Views on the Book of Revelation "Apocalypse" is a genre of literature with a Apocalyptic Literature: Revelation narrative framework, in which a revelation is mediated by an otherworldly being to a human recipient, disclosing a transcendent reality which is both temporal and spatial (involving another, supernatural world). It also interprets the present, earthly circumstances in light of the supernatural world and of the future. 1 Enoch (also known as Ethiopic Apocalypse of Enoch; 2nd cent BCE) 2 Enoch (also known as Slavonic Apocalypse of Enoch; late 1st cent BCE) 3 Enoch (also known as Hebrew Apocalypse of Enoch; 5th to 6th cent CE) Sibylline Oracles (2nd cent BCE to 7th cent CE) Apocalyptic Literature Treatise of Shem (1st cent BCE) Apocalyptic Literature Apocryphon of Ezekiel (1st cent BCE to 1st cent CE) Apocalypse of Zephaniah (1st cent BCE to 1st cent CE) The Fourth Book of Ezra (late 1st cent CE) Greek Apocalypse of Ezra (2nd to 9th cent CE) Vision of Ezra (4th to 7th cent CE) Questions of Ezra (??) Apocalyptic Literature Revelation of Ezra (prior to 9th cent CE) Apocalypse of Sedrach (2nd to 5th cent CE) 2 Baruch (also known as the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch; early 2nd cent CE) 3 Baruch (also known as Greek Apocalypse of Baruch; 1st to 3rd cent CE) Apocalypse of Abraham (1st to 2nd cent CE) Apocalypse of Adam (1st to 4th cent CE) Apocalypse of Elijah (1st to 4th cent CE) Apocalypse of Daniel (9th cent CE) Apocalyptic Literature Literature with Apocalyptic Sections: Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (2nd cent CE) Testament of Job (1st century BCE to 1st cent CE) Testament of the Three Patriarchs (1st to 3rd cent CE) Testament of Moses (1st cent CE) Apocalyptic Literature Testament of Solomon (1st to 3rd cent CE) Testament of Adam (2nd to 5th cent CE) (1) Historicist--In this understanding of the book, the events described refer to actual events from the beginning of the church until the time of the interpreter. Thus the reformers could say that the Roman papacy was the antichrist, entrenched in its false doctrine and deception. Models of Interpretation: Revelation (2) Preterist--In this approach to the book the symbols and content relate only to events and happenings at the time of the author. The beasts of chapter 13, for example, are related to Imperial Rome and the Imperial priesthood. There is no future eschatology in the book whatsoever. This method views the book against the backdrop of Jewish apocalyptic written to encourage faithfulness during times of Models of Interpretation: Revelation (3) Futurist--This approach views the events described as referring to things which will happen in the future as the world moves toward a progressive, apocalyptic end. Depending upon the interpreter, the book can be seen as mostly futuristic or moderately futuristic. Models of Interpretation: Revelation (4) Idealist--In this understanding, the contents of the book are not seen to relate to any historical events at all, but only to symbolize the ongoing struggle between good and evil during the church age until Christ returns. Models of Interpretation: Revelation ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course MATH 116 200 taught by Professor Janet during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '11