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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament
Four Views on the Book of Revelation (Continued) (1) Historicist--In this understanding of the book, the events described refer to actual events from the beginning of the church until the time of the interpreter. Thus the reformers could say that the Roman papacy was the antichrist, entrenched in its false doctrine and deception. Models of Interpretation: Revelation (2) Preterist--In this approach to the book the symbols and content relate only to events and happenings at the time of the author. The beasts of chapter 13, for example, are related to Imperial Rome and the Imperial priesthood. There is no future eschatology in the book whatsoever. This method views the book against the backdrop of Jewish apocalyptic written to encourage faithfulness during times of Models of Interpretation: Revelation (3) Futurist--This approach views the events described as referring to things which will happen in the future as the world moves toward a progressive, apocalyptic end. Depending upon the interpreter, the book can be seen as mostly futuristic or moderately futuristic. Models of Interpretation: Revelation (4) Idealist--In this understanding, the contents of the book are not seen to relate to any historical events at all, but only to symbolize the ongoing struggle between good and evil during the church age until Christ returns. Models of Interpretation: Revelation Overall, the series has sold over 65 million copies In 1998, the first four books held the top four slots on the NY Times Bestseller List simultaneously There have been three lowbudget movies, all with Hollywood actors 16 adult novels, 40 children's books, a video game, an album, other graphic novels and audio CDs Focus on the Future: Left Behind: Revelation Revelation 20: 1 And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. 2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. 3 He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time. 4 I saw thrones on which were seated Revelation Revelation 20: authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5 (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy are those who Revelation Revelation 20: resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years. 7 When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison 8 and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth--Gog and Magog--and to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. 9 They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of Revelation Revelation 20: people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. 11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, Revelation Revelation 20: and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. 15 Anyone whose name was not found written in Revelation Revelation 20: life was thrown into the lake of fire. Revelation According to the "Futurist" interpretation: The "1000 years" are a literal period known as "The Millennium" This is a period during which Jesus will literally rule upon the earth Satan will be "bound" until such a time that he can loosed to torture the world Revelation Interpretive Problems 1. It treats the Bible as a puzzle to be pieced together into a script about the future 2. It claims to be a literal but is only selectively literal 3. It misunderstands the nature and function of prophecy 4. It misunderstand the nature and function of apocalyptic 5. It imposes a foreign, 19th century theological system upon the text Problems with the Left Behind / Futurist view: Revelation Theological Problems 1. It misunderstands NT references to the "end times" (For NT writers, this is a period in between the first and second coming of Jesus) 2. It reduces the primary reason for conversion to fear 3. It is escapist and therefore has no ongoing ethic of life between the first and second comings 4. It is antiCatholic. The only good "Catholics" are essentially Protestant evangelicals 5. It is miltaristic Problems with the Left Behind / Futurist view: Revelation Political Problems 1. It is uncritically "ProAmerican" 2. It uncritically gives priority to the modern state of Israel 3. It is suspicious of the work of the United Nations 4. It sees wars in the Middle East as part of "God's plan for the nations"--thus, these wars are a good thing Problems with the Left Behind / Futurist view: Revelation We must remain aware of the difficulties involved in interpreting: An apocalyptic document containing many symbols Written in the 1st century Written in a JewishChristian context Written for a contemporary need Revelation ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course MATH 116 200 taught by Professor Janet during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '11