REL_112_Lecture_29 - REL 112: Introduction to the New...

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Unformatted text preview: REL 112: Introduction to the New Testament Four Views on the Book of Revelation (Continued) (1) Historicist--In this understanding of the book, the events described refer to actual events from the beginning of the church until the time of the interpreter. Thus the reformers could say that the Roman papacy was the antichrist, entrenched in its false doctrine and deception. Models of Interpretation: Revelation (2) Preterist--In this approach to the book the symbols and content relate only to events and happenings at the time of the author. The beasts of chapter 13, for example, are related to Imperial Rome and the Imperial priesthood. There is no future eschatology in the book whatsoever. This method views the book against the backdrop of Jewish apocalyptic written to encourage faithfulness during times of Models of Interpretation: Revelation (3) Futurist--This approach views the events described as referring to things which will happen in the future as the world moves toward a progressive, apocalyptic end. Depending upon the interpreter, the book can be seen as mostly futuristic or moderately futuristic. Models of Interpretation: Revelation (4) Idealist--In this understanding, the contents of the book are not seen to relate to any historical events at all, but only to symbolize the ongoing struggle between good and evil during the church age until Christ returns. Models of Interpretation: Revelation Mistake: Revelation Solution: Mistake: 1. Failing to recognize that Revelation is an apocalyptic book and failing to take seriously the functions of apocalyptic literature. Revelation Solution: Mistake: 1. Failing to recognize that Revelation is an apocalyptic book and failing to take seriously the functions of apocalyptic literature. Revelation Solution: 1. Understanding apocalyptic literature (symbolism, poetry, appeal to imagination) and its function of providing comfort, hope, challenge, and warning. Mistake: 2. Failing to take Revelation seriously as a product of its own time with a message to its own time. Revelation Solution: Mistake: 2. Failing to take Revelation seriously as a product of its own time with a message to its own time. Revelation Solution: 2. Looking first for clues to its meaning for late firstcentury Christians in Asia Minor. Mistake: 3. Posing strange modern fulfillments of symbols and visions in the book. This is based on the idea that the prophecies are all related to the present. Revelation Solution: Mistake: 3. Posing strange modern fulfillments of symbols and visions in the book. This is based on the idea that the prophecies are all related to the present. Revelation Solution: 3. Interpreting Revelation's symbolism within a first century rather than 21st century framework. Mistake: 4. Treating the Bible like a puzzle with pieces to be fitted together in order to figure out alleged events to come. Revelation Solution: Mistake: 4. Treating the Bible like a puzzle with pieces to be fitted together in order to figure out alleged events to come. Revelation Solution: 4. Reading each biblical book, including Revelation, holistically and in its context, looking for its unique message. Mistake: 5. Becoming preoccupied with questions about the meaning of certain unknowable or less significant aspects of the book (identity of the beast, Armaggedon, length of the Millennium, etc.) Revelation Solution: Mistake: Solution: 5. Becoming preoccupied 5. Staying focused on the with questions about bigger themes and the meaning of certain issues rather than unknowable or less focusing on disputed significant aspects of details. the book (identity of the beast, Armaggedon, length of the Millennium, etc.) Revelation Mistake: 6. Failing to hear Revelation in light of the larger Christian tradition and contemporary scholarship. Revelation Solution: Mistake: 6. Failing to hear Revelation in light of the larger Christian tradition and contemporary scholarship. Revelation Solution: 6. Remembering that contemporary interpreters are not the first, only, or even the best interpreters of Revelation. Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The book is dated around 70 C.E. Many details in the book are seen as fulfilled in the fall of Jerusalem. There is no "futuristic" element in the book beyond the immediate time period of the book's composition. Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: Twentyfour Elders: "Symbolic number representing the early Church" Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: Twentyfour Elders: "Symbolic number representing the early Church" Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: Twentyfour Elders: "The first 24 ancestors of Christ (Adam through Pharez) listed in Genesis 5 and 11." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The First Horseman: "Horses represents war--the four horses represent war and its accompaniments" Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The First Horseman: "Horses represents war--the four horses represent war and its accompaniments" Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: The First Horseman: "The white horse and its rider represent Antichrist riding forth to conquer the world." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Second Horseman: "The second horseman represents the loss of peace from the land of Israel." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Second Horseman: "The second horseman represents the loss of peace from the land of Israel." Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: The Second Horseman: "The fiery red color of this horse suggests bloodshed, and speaks of a time of war the comes upon the earth as the Tribulation progresses." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Third Horseman: "The black horse seems to represent famine or shortage of food." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Third Horseman: "The black horse seems to represent famine or shortage of food." Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: The Third Horseman: "The third horseman represents famine conditions brought on by the warfare that takes place in the future Tribulation." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Fourth Horseman: "Because of the internal fighting and starvation of the Jews at the time, this seems to describe the `death and pestilence' they experienced." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Fourth Horseman: "Because of the internal fighting and starvation of the Jews at the time, this seems to describe the `death and pestilence' they experienced." Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: The Fourth Horseman: "This is the Great Tribulation of unprecedented magnitude." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The 144,000 People: "This is a symbolic number representing the full number of Jewish Christians who escaped Jerusalem before its destruction." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The 144,000 People: "This is a symbolic number representing the full number of Jewish Christians who escaped Jerusalem before its destruction." Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: The 144,000 People: "During the Great Tribulation, a godly remnant of 144,000 Jewish people will be protected from plagues." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Beast: "The beast is the enemy of God and the Church-- in this instance, the Roman Empire." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: The Beast: "The beast out of the pit is the enemy of God and the Church--in this instance, the Roman Empire." Futurist Interpretation of Revelation: The Beast: "The beast coming out of the pit is Satan." Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: 666: Using Hebrew gematria: neron kaisar (Greek) transliterated to NRWN QSR (Hebrew) N (nun) = 50 R (resh) = 200 W (waw) = 6 N (nun) = 50 Q (qoph) = 100 S (samech) = 60 R (resh) = 200 The Sum is 666! = Nero Caesar Revelation Preterist Interpretation of Revelation: Some manuscripts read 616: Using Hebrew gematria: nero kaisar (Greek) transliterated to NRW QSR (Hebrew) N (nun) = 50 R (resh) = 200 W (waw) = 6 Q (qoph) = 100 S (samech) = 60 R (resh) = 200 The Sum is 616! = Nero Caesar Revelation ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course MATH 116 200 taught by Professor Janet during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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