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Columbus Day: America’s Most Controversial Holiday Emily VanEvery Prof. Rine Core 400 30 June 2020
VanEvery 1 In America, several holidays commemorate historical events or religious entailment. Some holidays celebrate specific historical figures for making a significant impact on American history. One historical figure that has been praised for centuries is Christopher Columbus. Americans across the country learn about him in history classes. Columbus is also honored as a hero and is credited for the discovery of America. He has also been commemorated in our history with a national holiday. Though the realities behind this man hold highly controversial in modern society, especially towards the Native Americans, recently, it has been proposed that Indigenous Peoples' Day should be celebrated in place of Columbus' Day, due to the controversial background of the famed Christopher Columbus. These controversies have led to a change in societal values, to which it allows Native Americans to be a part of the American narrative, as Columbus did for the Italians. Christopher Columbus was an Italian master navigator and admiral. He was known for opening the way for European exploration and has long been called the "discoverer" of the New World. He was born in 1451, in the Republic of Genoa, part of what is now Italy. During his 1 teenage years, he participated in several trading voyages in the Meddeteranian and Aegean Seas. 2 Throughout his life, he sailed to various locations, which made a massive influence in his life. He eventually touched base in Portugal, where he was inspired to find a route to the Indies. However, this was proven to be a challenging task. He had failed to gain permission from the French and English courts and was struggling to find a sponsor for his exploration. It wasn't 1 Valerie I.J. Flint, “Christopher Columbus,” Encyclopædia Britannica (Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., July 26, 1999). Accessed June 30, 2020. 2 Biography.com Editors, “Christopher Columbus,” Biography.com (A&E Networks Television, April 2, 2014) Accessed June 30, 2020.
VanEvery 2 until he traveled to Spain, where King Ferdinand and Queen Ferdinand sponsored his expedition. 3 Columbus gave immense gratitude to the King and Queen for sponsoring his trip. His intentions for this journey were to take a Western route, In which direction has hitherto no specific evidence that anyone has gone. Columbus was determined to keep in the account of the voyage and punctually write everything he performed or saw from day to day. These accounts 4 were extensive in detail of the long journey of Columbus. He intended to impress the King and Queen with his exploration and discovery. Furthermore, Columbus intended to draw up a nautical chart, which shall contain the several parts of the ocean and land in their proper situations; and compose a book to represent the whole by a picture with latitude and longitude. He wanted to prove his trip was worth the 5 sponsorship. Therefore, Columbus went out of his way to create extensive journal entries as well as charts and maps. Since it was not a route previously traveled, he wanted to document the

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