General Psychology Fall 2011 Leyton (1)

General Psychology Fall 2011 Leyton (1) - General...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: General Psychology: Professor Leyton Fall 2011 Psychoanalysis: 1. Freudian Theory 2. Object-Relations Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1936) – Freudian Theory - Developed Psychoanalysis – Observed adults Object-Relations Theory – Improved Psychoanalysis – Observed children Object-Relations Theory =Modern Psychoanalysis Major Psychological illness of 19 th century: Women suffering from hysteria Why? WOMEN HAD NO RIGHTS 1. Not allowed to receive education 2. Husband had all the $$$ 3. Wife beating = honorable 4. Entire legal system favored men 5. Girl raised as slave 6. Passed on as slave when married 7. No escape 8. Complete powerlessness – birth to death Hysteria Symptoms 1. Heightened excitability (anxiety attacks) 2. Violent Mood Swings 3. Depression 4. Phobias 5. Severe Physical Problems – paralysis of arms, hands, jaw 6. Blindness Modern Time Hysteria =POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER · Long Severe stress after trauma · Symptoms same as soldiers No one in 19t century knew trauma = issue Charcot (French Neurologist @ Large Hospital/Asylum in Paris) · Gave world famous lectures on effect of hypnotism on hysteria · Used hypnotic suggestions to remove symptoms · Freud saw Charcot and was impressed · Charcot not interested in cause, only game Freud & Janet Theory of Cause of Hysteria · Patients have traumatic experience · These experiences leave memories too emotional to face · Memories split from rest of mind – hidden · Memories so intense, they control people’s lives Freud said Purpose of Hypnotism: Discover the memories and bring them to unconsciousness to be faced & UNITED with rest of consciousness · UNIFICATION of consciousness with buried memories brings relief and happiness · Freud’s discovery = fundamental anyone has made of mind Freud’s discovery: 7 Basic Ideas 1. Memories are the problem · Psychological difficulties develop because they suffer from memories 2. Too Muchness · Memories are too emotionally charged to face 3. Defenses · To Muchness must be defended against, many techniques to defend against (repression) 4. Splitting · Behind all defenses = splitting of mind. Defense is barrier, barrier creates splitting (Repression) split- ting (Multiple Personality Disorder) 5. Illness is splitting · Psychological illness is therefore splitting/fragmentation of mind. Makes person unable to function properly in life 6. Health is absence of splitting · Psychologically healthy person (functions well) · Person who’s mind is unified, whole, not split 7. Psychology is integration · Purpose of Psychotherapy – to make a person whole through splitting · Integration Freud and Subsequent Psychoanalysis Problem · Develop techniques to make a person whole Freud discovered – Hypnosis was not successful · Why? Not Permanent · Hypnotism can bring memories up but not overcome defenses · Defenses = “strategy for living” · Harder to deal with defenses than memories History of Psychoanalysis · Changed from directed towards memories to defenses...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 18

General Psychology Fall 2011 Leyton (1) - General...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online