Sickel-Cell Brochure - WHAT IS SICKEL CELL DISEASE Sickle...

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WHAT IS SICKEL CELL DISEASE? Sickle cell Disease is a disease passed down through  families in which red blood cells form an abnormal  crescent shape, where normal RBC shape is like a  disc.  CAUSE Sickle cell disease is caused by an abnormal type  of hemoglobin (called hemoglobin S), which is a  part that carries oxygen.  Hemoglobin S  changes the shape of red blood  cells to “ sickle   shape ”, especially when the cells  are exposed to low oxygen levels.  Thus, these sickle shaped cell deliver less oxygen  to body’s tissue, they can also get stuck more  easily in the small vessels, and break into pieces  that interrupt healthy blood flow.  In order to have a Sickle cell Anemia, it needed  to be  inherited from both parents Sickle cell disease is much more common in  people of African and Mediterranean descent. IN PAEDIATRIC SETTING
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course NURSING BSC NURSIN taught by Professor Hamilton during the Spring '09 term at York University.

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Sickel-Cell Brochure - WHAT IS SICKEL CELL DISEASE Sickle...

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