is139Unit2 - Unit 2: Comprehensive Exercise Program UNIT 2...

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Unit 2: Comprehensive Exercise Program
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U NIT 2 C OMPREHENSIVE E XERCISE P ROGRAM Introduction In any discussion of emergency preparedness, the emphasis is on a comprehensive exercise program, made up of progressively complex exercises, each one building on the previous one, until the exercises are as close to reality as possible. This unit provides an overview of five main types of exercise activities that make up a comprehensive exercise program. Unit 2 Objectives After completing this unit, you should be able to: Identify the basic components of a comprehensive exercise program. Explain the importance of designing a comprehensive and progressive exercise program to meet the needs of your organization or community. Progressive Exercising A progressive program has several important characteristics: The exercise program involves the efforts and participation of various entities whether departments, organizations, or agencies. Through the involvement of multiple entities, the program allows the involved organizations to test, not only their implementation of emergency management procedures, but their coordination with each other in the process. The program is carefully planned to achieve identified goals. It is made up of a series of increasingly complex exercises. Each successive exercise builds upon the previous one until mastery is achieved. Exercise Design Page 2.1
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U NIT 2: C OMPREHENSIVE E XERCISE P ROGRAM Progressive Exercising (Continued) Broad Commitment When a community or an organization engages in a progressive exercise program, the program needs to be comprehensive. A community program must consider every type of responding agency and organization in the community. Communities are composed of more than police, fire, and public works. The following entities have requirements to exercise as well: Hospitals Airports, chemical, and nuclear facilities, and other regulated organizations Volunteer agencies and organizations in the private sector that contribute services, materials, and personnel to the response and recovery effort Work sites public or private that may be vulnerable to significant emergency events A progressive exercise program, therefore, requires a commitment from various agencies and organizations to participate in increasingly challenging exercises over a period of time, in order to address the larger emergency management system rather than a single problem. The same is true when a single organization engages in a progressive exercise program. It must consider the role of each department and each function that will be involved in responding to and recovering from an emergency event, and it must secure the commitment of all of those elements to a sequence of progressive internal and external exercises that will build a coordinated, effective response. Careful Planning
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is139Unit2 - Unit 2: Comprehensive Exercise Program UNIT 2...

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