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rc1 - Practice Test#1 Reading Comprehension(18 Essays 61...

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Practice Test #1 Reading Comprehension (18 Essays, 61 Questions) Essay #1.  019 (21201-!-item-!-188;#058&00019-00) During the nineteenth century, occupational information about women that was provided by the  United States census--a population count conducted each decade--became more detailed and  precise in response to social changes.  Through 1840, simple enumeration by household  mirrored a home-based agricultural economy and hierarchical social order:  the head of the  household (presumed male or absent) was specified by name, whereas other household  members were only indicated by the total number of persons counted in various categories,  including occupational categories.  Like farms, most enterprises were family-run, so that the  census measured economic activity as an attribute of the entire household, rather than of  individuals. The 1850 census, partly responding to antislavery and women's rights movements, initiated the  collection of specific information about each individual in a household.  Not until 1870 was  occupational information analyzed by gender:  the census superintendent reported 1.8 million  women employed outside the home in "gainful and reputable occupations." In addition, he  arbitrarily attributed to each family one woman "keeping house." Overlap between the two groups  was not calculated until 1890, when the rapid entry of women into the paid labor force and social  issues arising from industrialization were causing women's advocates and women statisticians to  press for more thorough and accurate accounting of women's occupations and wages. Question #1.  019-01 (21247-!-item-!-188;#058&000019-01) The primary purpose of the passage is to (A) explain and critique the methods used by early statisticians (B) compare and contrast a historical situation with a current-day one (C) describe and explain a historical change (D) discuss historical opposition to an established institution (E) trace the origin of a contemporary controversy  Question #2.  019-02 (21293-!-item-!-188;#058&000019-02) Each of the following aspects of nineteenth-century United States censuses is mentioned in the  passage EXCEPT the
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