Midterm Review

Midterm Review - Identifications Communist Manifesto -...

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Identifications Communist Manifesto - Wrote the Communist Manifesto as well as his most famous work Das Kapital. He predicted the outbreak of a massive uprising that would overthrow the existing ruling class and bring to power a new revolutionary regime based on their ides. He attempted to prepare for the future revolution by organizing the scattered radical parties throughout Europe into a cohesive revolutionary movement, called the International Workingmen’s Association. Charles Darwin – British scientist who stunned the world with the publication of Origin of Species . Scientific expedition to the Galapagos Islands, Darwin concluded that plants and animals were not the product of divine creation but evolved over time from earlier and simpler forms of life through a process called natural selection. He later came up with the theory of evolution Origin of Species – A book written by Charles Darwin explaining his theories. The public was stunned. It introduced the theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. Darwin's book was the culmination of evidence he had accumulated on the voyage of the Beagle in the 1830s and expanded through continuing investigations and experiments since his return. Sigmund Freud – Viennese doctor put forth a series of theories that undermined optimism about the rational nature of the human mind. His major ideas were published in 1900 in The Interpretation of Dreams, which laid the basic foundation for what came to be known as psychoanalysis. Oedipus complex – sub conscious was part of our human behavior. Id, Superego, Ego. Expressionists – Artists that employed an exaggerated use of colors and distorted shapes to achieve emotional expression. Painter such as Dutchman Vincent Van Gogh and Norwegian Edvard Munch were interest not in capturing the optical play of light on a landscape but in projecting their inner selves onto the hostile universe around them Social Darwinism - is a theory that competition between all individuals, groups, nations or ideas drives social evolution in human societies. The term is an extension of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, where competition between individual organisms drives biological evolutionary change (speciation) through the survival of the fittest . “White Man’s Burden” – allegedly “more advanced” white peoples had the moral responsibility to raise ignorant native peoples to a higher level of civilization. Caste System - Sati – In the Indian culture when a husband dies he is burned, and the wives are expected to throw themselves into the fire. The colonialist made this practice illegal USS Maine – was dispatched to the bay outside of Havana where it mysteriously blew up. The ship was there to make sure colonies rioting did not get out of control. The sinking of the ship triggered the Spanish-American war. Yellow Journalism -
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Midterm Review - Identifications Communist Manifesto -...

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