Digestion - Identify the four major functions of the...

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Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
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Chapter 14 / Exercise 4
Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
Sherwood
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Identify the four major functions of the digestive tract: 1) Ingest food 2) Break down food into nutrient molecules 3) Absorb molecules into the bloodstream 4) Rid the body of indigestible remains Distinguish between the organs of the alimentary canal and accessory system. Alimentary Canal Continuous, muscular digestive tube winding throughout the body Digests and absorbs food particles Contains the following organs: Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small and Large Intestines Accessory Digestive Organs Contains the following organs: Teeth, Tongue, Gallbladder, Salivary Glands, Liver, and Pancreas Trace a bite of turkey sandwich between mouth and anus. Be able to explain the different digestive enzymes acting on various nutrients. Match the digestive enzyme to the specific location of the digestive system Salivary amylase mouth- breakdown of starch Pepsin - stomach- digests proteins Bile - produced in liver and stored in gall bladder- fat digestion Cholecystokinin (CCK) -
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Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
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Chapter 14 / Exercise 4
Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
Sherwood
Expert Verified

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