sociology test - Prof. Davis Spring 2010 STUDY QUESTIONS...

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Prof. Davis Spring 2010 STUDY QUESTIONS FOR SOC 100 First Exam: Thursday March 11, 7-8:30pm in 110 Asbury 1. An important goal of sociology is to uncover the logic of a culture. Examine preschool teachers, crime control, and the endings given to fairy tales in the U.S. and Japan. What is revealed about the logic and values of Japanese culture compared to American? Provide specific examples of practices that reinforce these cultural values. What functions are served by the particular ways that teachers and police act in Japan that are not served by their American counterparts? (“Socialization in Three Cultures,” class lectures, and “American Exception: Inmate Count in the U.S.”) When comparing the Japanese culture to American and Chinese, there is a difference in which the way people obtain social control. In the U.S. and China, control is obtained through authority. The group is submissive to a superior. These nations show vertical control, whereas Japan demonstrates a sort of horizontal control. This means that Japanese children are taught from a very young age to keep one another in line, the group members must control the fellow group members. A gifted child in the U.S. or China would make themselves distinct from the group, whereas in Japanese culture, to break away from the group is thought of as a lack of understanding of ones peers. This was seen in the article we read about an unruly child in a Japanese preschool. Instead of the teacher yelling at this boy, the other children were forced to deal with their classmate, eventually getting so annoyed with him that they began to ignore him. He eventually fell back into the group after seeing the negative social implications of acting out. Japanese children are taught responsibility at a young age by doing cafeteria clean up, and washing their school bathrooms. They are shown that they must take care of each other and their community. The ending of Goldylocks and the three bears was changed in Japan. In the end, she asks the three bears for forgiveness, and they accept. This accentuates the idea of forgiveness in their society. Police in Japan, will let you off from a ticket, will, “Let the warm blood flow.” They show compassion in hard time. 2. Discuss the social processes whereby the unthinkable becomes possible and even normalized in being a hit man, shocking another person at high voltage levels, and killing by soldiers). What factors besides the individual's moral restraint (or lack thereof) come into play? How is a favorable sense of self maintained in these cases? (“Becoming a Hit Man, “Anybody’s Son Will Do” and the video “Obedience”) It is hard to think of a hit man finding any sort of justification for what they do, but they do have the ability to normalize their immoral occupation. Sociologists have found that as humans we have a tremendous flexibility in the meaning of what is normal. People who deviate from societal norms attempt to normalize their actions by a process of neutralizing the deviant action. Hit men,
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at DePauw.

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sociology test - Prof. Davis Spring 2010 STUDY QUESTIONS...

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