Ch 12 - Wendi: a member of a prominent north Chinese noble...

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Wendi : a member of a prominent north Chinese noble family that had long been active in fighting for control of China after the Han dynasty. He struck a marriage alliance between his daughter and the ruler of the northern Zhou Empire. Wendi seized the throne of his son-on law and proclaimed himself emperor. Although Wendi was Chinese he secured his position by supporting neighboring nomadic military commanders. With their support Wendi extended his empire across north China. In 5896, Wendi’s armies attacked and conquered the weak and divided Chen Kingdom, which had long ruled much of the south. With his victory over the Chen, Wendi reunited the traditional core areas of Chinese civilization for the first time in three and a half centuries. Wendi own widespread support by lowering taxes and establishing granaries throughout his domains. Large landholders and poor peasants alike were taxed a portion of their crop to keep the granaries filled. In case of a famine, the surplus grain was brought to market in times of food shortages to hold down the prices of the people’s staple food. P 265 Yangdi : murdered his father, Wendi, to attain the throne. He established a legal code and upgraded Confucian education. Yangdi also restored the examination system for regulating entry into the bureaucracy. In addition, he forcibly conscripted hundreds of thousands of peasants to build palaces, a new capital city at Loyang. Before his construction projects, Yangdi led his frustrated subjects into a series of unsuccessful wars against Korea. By 315, revolts occurred throughout the empire. When Yangdi was assassinated by his own ministers in 618, it looked as if China would return to the state of political division and social turmoil it had endured in the preceding centuries. P 265-266
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Loyang was a new capital city that Yangdi had built during his reign. It was built during the Zhou dynasty. P 266 Li Yuan was on e of Yangdi’s officials, the Duke of Tang. One time, he rescued Yangdi from forces of the Turkic cavalry. After Yangdi’s death, Li Yuan emerged as victor in 623. Li Yuan laid the basis for the golden age of the Tang. P 267 Tang Taizhong was the son of Li Yuan, who abdicated the throne in 626. Tang armies conquered into central Asia as far as present-day Afghanistan. These victories meant that many of the nomadic peoples who had dominated China in the Six Dynasties era had to submit to Tang rule. Early Tang rulers tried to plat one Turkic people of another, a strategy that often succeeded. Tang also completed the repairs begun by the Sui and earlier dynasties on the Great Wall and created frontier armies. P 267 heavenly khan s were leaders of the Turkic tribes were compelled to submit as vassals to the Tang rulers, who took the title. P 267 Kaozong was an emperor who overthrew the Chinese armies, and a vassal kingdom called Silla was established that remained loyal to the Tang. P 267 Silla and independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HISTORY AP taught by Professor Ms.anderson during the Spring '11 term at Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic Research.

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Ch 12 - Wendi: a member of a prominent north Chinese noble...

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