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PHIL #3 - The Memory Theory Personal identity is a term...

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The Memory Theory Personal identity is a term with which we are all very familiar with. Personal identity, to put in simple language, is the distinctiveness or uniqueness of a person through time (2). However, philosophers do not quite agree if we actually understand the true notion of personal identity. Personal identity deals with questions like what am I? Who am I? How did I begin? What will happen to me after I die? and even more abstract questions than these (3). Philosophers believe that even though we take the concept of personal identity for granted and apply it almost everywhere, every time, we do not actually have the right set of tools to do so and therefore we do not have the justification for acting in accord to the concept of personal identity. In my paper, I shall discuss about the main questions which are raised by the concept of personal identity. I would then present a theory which attempts to answer those questions in the most convincing way. The two prime concerns/questions raised by philosophers today in regard to personal identity are: 1. What is the relationship that holds between the two person-stages to be parts of the same person? Let me elaborate this question a little bit. The question asks that what has to hold between two person stages or what sort of continuity has to exist between two person – stages for them to represent a single person? For example, suppose at the age of 60, I am a retired employee of some office living in my home and then there is this 8 years old me playing in the garden. Now the question asks that what kind of relation exists between me at the age of 60 years and me at the age of 8 years (the two person-stages of me) for them to represent me, who is writing this paper here? 2. Is an afterlife or incarnation possible?
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This question straightforwardly asks if there is a possibility of something in us which might survive the death of the physical body. In other words, when we hope for an afterlife, what are we actually wishing for? What sense can we make out from our desire to lead a happy afterlife?
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