PHIL 110 # 1 - Chaitanya Awasthi Prof. Daniel Kelly PHIL...

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Chaitanya Awasthi Prof. Daniel Kelly PHIL 110 THE PROBLEM OF EVIL I would like to take the case of the Problem of Evil which says that it is a contradiction of god’s existence if there is sufferings present in the world and on the basis of it claims that god does not exist. I would like to discuss the Problem of Evil here and would then conclude that Problem of Evil does not satisfactorily deny the existence of god and that god exists in reality. In order to give you more background information on the Problem of Evil and the context in which it sees god, let me first describe whom do we consider god and what qualities do we consider he has. We are interested in the western philosophy which is dominated by monotheistic religions and therefore we have the basic JCM god (Judaism Christianity Muslim god) who is to have the following attributes or qualities: 1. Omnipotent, i.e., all powerful 2. Omniscient, i.e., all knowing 3. Perfectly benevolent, i.e., completely good 4. God created the universe 5. God loves us 6. God is worthy of our praise, worship 7. Immortal Having described about whom we consider god and the qualities he is supposed to have, I come to the Problem of Evil which states that if god is perfectly benevolent, all loving, there should be no pain and sufferings in the world. but we do see so many sufferings and pain in the world around us. Existence of god in such circumstances contradicts the very qualities he possesses and therefore god does not exist.
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Chaitanya Awasthi Prof. Daniel Kelly PHIL 110 General premises of the Problem of Evil Premise 1: The notion of god, as is held in the western monotheistic religions considers god to be completely benevolent and loving. (a) This comes from the basic definition of the JCM god, i.e., the way in which we conceive god to be around us. Premise 2: We have so many sufferings and pain in the world (a) Some are caused by other people (i) The world wars I and II left hundreds of millions deceased. ( http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii ) (ii) The 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Centre taking away lives of thousands of innocent people. ( http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/attack-on-america ) (b) Some are not caused by people (i) The devastating tsunami that took away lives of millions (about 230,000) of people. ( http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tsunami-devastates-indian-ocean-coast ) (ii) The Haiti earthquake causing deaths in millions and making the people homeless
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Cover during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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PHIL 110 # 1 - Chaitanya Awasthi Prof. Daniel Kelly PHIL...

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