Lecture1.7.12.2011.PersonalityPsych.Summer2011

Lecture1.7.12.2011.PersonalityPsych.Summer2011 - PERSONS...

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PERSONS Here’s a fairly straightforward question: “In general, would you say that you are a happy person or a sad person?” Take a moment to actually think about this. Who thinks this question fully expresses who you are? Here is a better question “In general, from 1 (Always Sad) to 7 (Always Happy) how would you rate yourself?” Still not satisfied?
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A VERY SHORT DESCRIPTION Allow me to start with a story: You’re new on campus and you’ve just joined the Daily Targum. One of the writers invites everyone over to his apartment after classes—for a party. This guy, Norbert, seems really antisocial. It’s his apartment, and he’s not really associating with anyone. At some point, goes to his room to email people. Then a 180. He approaches you, asks you about your past, tells you about his… By the end of the night, you’ve agreed to meet him for lunch. He’s hugging people goodbye! “Sorry man, I’m a hug kinda guy. You’ll get used to it.”
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MENTAL NOTE-TAKING OF THE MEETING Recently broke up with boyfriend Stepped down from editorial position because of grades. Lots of books on psychology, philosophy and religion though her major is political science. Loves junk food, does yoga, is spiritual, is tall, slim, and has never dieted or exercised. Father is extremely religious, died recently, and doesn’t really like him. Staunch atheist
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PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY! The study of the person Much more complicated than you might think People are made up of what appear to be a series of inconsistencies Psych and philosophy books—major in political psych Spiritual, yet a staunch atheist Junk food eater—slim and no dieting People are different, not only from each other, but seemingly from situation to situation
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THE INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCE Individual differences are qualities or characteristics that differ between individuals. To say something is an individual difference variable is to say there is a great deal of variability in that particular quality Characteristic 1: “Having 1 head” Characteristic 2: “Having 10 fingers” Characteristic 3: “Heart-rate increase when afraid” Characteristic 4: “Ability to fly” Characteristic 5: “Tendency to get angry” Characteristic 6: “Tendency to be spontaneous” Characteristic 7: “Tendency of raising your hand”
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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES: TRAITS The most obvious category of individual difference variables are traits . Traits are essentially internal dispositions that we attribute to people, to account for consistencies over time and place. Basically our way of simplifying how we see people behave.
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QUICK PERSONALITY TEST! YES or NO? “Do you long for excitement?” “Are you usually carefree?” “Do you often do things on the spur of the moment?” “When people shout at you, do you shout back?” “Do other people think of you as very lively?” EXTRAVERSION
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BUT WHAT ABOUT THOSE… INCONSISTENCIES? In general, people act differently in
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course 810 338 taught by Professor Marketer during the Summer '09 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture1.7.12.2011.PersonalityPsych.Summer2011 - PERSONS...

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